user1731699 user1731699 - 2 months ago 10
Python Question

How to execute python script on the BaseHTTPSERVER created by python?

I have simply created a python server with :

python -m SimpleHTTPServer


I had a .htaccess (I don't know if it is usefull with python server)
with:

AddHandler cgi-script .py
Options +ExecCGI


Now I am writing a simple python script :

#!/usr/bin/python
import cgitb
cgitb.enable()
print 'Content-type: text/html'
print '''
<html>
<head>
<title>My website</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>Here I am</p>
</body>
</html>
'''


I make test.py (name of my script) an executed file with:

chmod +x test.py


I am launching in firefox with this addres: (http : //) 0.0.0.0:8000/test.py

Problem, the script is not executed... I see the code in the web page...
And server error is:

localhost - - [25/Oct/2012 10:47:12] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 -
localhost - - [25/Oct/2012 10:47:13] code 404, message File not found
localhost - - [25/Oct/2012 10:47:13] "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 404 -


How can I manage the execution of python code simply? Is it possible to write in a python server to execute the python script like with something like that:

import BaseHTTPServer
import CGIHTTPServer
httpd = BaseHTTPServer.HTTPServer(\
('localhost', 8123), \
CGIHTTPServer.CGIHTTPRequestHandler)
###  here some code to say, hey please execute python script on the webserver... ;-)
httpd.serve_forever()


Or something else...

Answer

You are on the right track with CGIHTTPRequestHandler, as .htaccess files mean nothing to the the built-in http server. There is a CGIHTTPRequestHandler.cgi_directories variable that specifies the directories under which an executable file is considered a cgi script (here is the check itself). You should consider moving test.py to a cgi-bin or htbin directory and use the following script:

cgiserver.py:

#!/usr/bin/env python3

from http.server import CGIHTTPRequestHandler, HTTPServer

handler = CGIHTTPRequestHandler
handler.cgi_directories = ['/cgi-bin', '/htbin']  # this is the default
server = HTTPServer(('localhost', 8123), handler)
server.serve_forever()

cgi-bin/test.py:

#!/usr/bin/env python3
print('Content-type: text/html\n')
print('<title>Hello World</title>')

You should end up with:

|- cgiserver.py
|- cgi-bin/
   ` test.py

Run with python3 cgiserver.py and send requests to localhost:8123/cgi-bin/test.py. Cheers.

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