kobra kobra - 5 months ago 36
CSS Question

Margin while printing html page

I am using a separate style-sheet for printing. Is it possible to set right and left margin in the style-sheet which set the print margin (i.e. margin on paper).

Thanks.

awe awe
Answer

You should use cm or mm as unit when you specify for printing. Using pixels will cause the browser to translate it to something similar to what it looks like on screen. Using cm or mm will ensure consistent size on the paper.

body
{
  margin: 25mm 25mm 25mm 25mm;
}

For font sizes, use pt for the print media.

Note that setting the margin on the body in css style will not adjust the margin in the printer driver that defines the printable area of the printer, or margin controlled by the browser (may be adjustable in print preview on some browsers)... It will just set margin on the document inside the printable area.

You should also be aware that IE7++ automatically adjusts the size to best fit, and causes everything to be wrong even if you use cm or mm. To override this behaviour, the user must select 'Print preview' and then set the print size to 100% (default is Shrink To Fit).

A better option for full control on printed margins is to use the @page directive to set the paper margin, which will affect the margin on paper outside the html body element, which is normally controlled by the browser. See http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/REC-CSS2-19980512/page.html.
This currently works in all major browsers except Safari.
In Internet explorer, the margin is actually set to this value in the settings for this printing, and if you do Preview you will get this as default, but the user can change it in the preview.

@page  
{ 
    size: auto;   /* auto is the initial value */ 

    /* this affects the margin in the printer settings */ 
    margin: 25mm 25mm 25mm 25mm;  
} 

body  
{ 
    /* this affects the margin on the content before sending to printer */ 
    margin: 0px;  
} 

Related answer: Disabling browser print options (headers, footers, margins) from page?

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