FilipW FilipW - 16 days ago 5
R Question

Make all words uppercase in Wordcloud in R

When creating Wordclouds it is most common to make all the words lowercase. However, I want the wordclouds to display the words uppercase. After forcing the words to be uppercase the wordcloud still display lowercase words. Any ideas why?

Reproducable code:

library(tm)
library(wordcloud)

data <- data.frame(text = c("Creativity is the art of being ‘productive’ by using
the available resources in a skillful manner.
Scientifically speaking, creativity is part of
our consciousness and we can be creative –
if we know – ’what goes on in our mind during
the process of creation’.
Let us now look at 6 examples of creativity which blows the mind."))

text <- paste(data$text, collapse = " ")

# I am using toupper() to force the words to become uppercase.
text <- toupper(text)

source <- VectorSource(text)
corpus <- VCorpus(source, list(language = "en"))

# This is my function for cleaning the text
clean_corpus <- function(corpus){
corpus <- tm_map(corpus, removePunctuation)
corpus <- tm_map(corpus, removeNumbers)
corpus <- tm_map(corpus, stripWhitespace)
corpus <- tm_map(corpus, removeWords, c(stopwords("en")))
return(corpus)
}

clean_corp <- clean_corpus(corpus)
data_tdm <- TermDocumentMatrix(clean_corp)
data_m <- as.matrix(data_tdm)

commonality.cloud(data_m, colors = c("#224768", "#ffc000"), max.words = 50)


This produces to following output

enter image description here

Answer

It's because behind the scenes TermDocumentMatrix(clean_corp) is doing TermDocumentMatrix(clean_corp, control = list(tolower = TRUE)). If you set it to TermDocumentMatrix(clean_corp, control = list(tolower = FALSE)), then the words stay uppercase. Alternatively, you can also adjust the row names of your matrix afterwards: rownames(data_m) <- toupper(rownames(data_m)).

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