testerjoe2 testerjoe2 - 1 year ago 75
Java Question

How do I check for the visibility of an element which may or may not be present?

Consider this url: https://sfbay.craigslist.org/pen/apa/5759740929.html
When you click the reply button, you will see a popup div with reply options. The div may or may not have phone numbers and a contact person name.

I made some code for this and I expect to work as mentioned in the points below.

1- If the reply button is clicked, then wait for reply options popup to be visible. When the popup is visible, then look for any phone numbers and extract them.

2- If no numbers are present on the popup, then do nothing (Its because the person does not want to share his/her phone number.)

3- If someone tries to extract phone numbers/names when the popup is not open, then throw a runtime exception which says that the reply button is not clicked.

Why does the code fail when I use wait_for_reply_options_popup_to_be_visible(), but passes when I use this:

Please help me to understand why and fix this issue. thanks !

import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.ExpectedConditions;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait;

import java.util.List;

import static Utils.extract_phone_numbers;

public class Temp {
private static final WebDriver browser = new ChromeDriver();
private static String url = "https://sfbay.craigslist.org/pen/apa/5759740929.html";

private WebElement reply_btn;
private String reply_btn_xpath = "//button[contains(concat(\" \", normalize-space(@class), \" \"), \" "
+ "reply_button" + " \")]";
private By reply_btn_loc = By.xpath(reply_btn_xpath);

private String reply_options_xpath = "//button[contains(concat(\" \", normalize-space(@class), \" \"), \" "
+ "reply_options" + " \")]";
private By reply_options_loc = By.xpath(reply_options_xpath);

private String call_options_xpath = "//b[contains(text(), 'call') or contains(text(), 'text')]";
private By call_options_loc = By.xpath(call_options_xpath);

public String phone_xpath = "following-sibling::ul/li";
public By phone_loc = By.xpath(phone_xpath);

public void before_each_test() {

public void get_phone_number() throws Exception {
List<String> phones = get_calling_or_texting_options();

private void load_elements() {
reply_btn = new WebDriverWait(browser, 5).until(

private void wait_for_calling_options_to_be_visible(){
new WebDriverWait(browser, 5).until(ExpectedConditions.visibilityOfElementLocated(call_options_loc));

private void wait_for_reply_options_popup_to_be_visible(){
new WebDriverWait(browser, 5).until(ExpectedConditions.visibilityOfElementLocated(reply_options_loc));

private List<String> get_calling_or_texting_options() {

//Look for any element which contains call or text. Their sibling elements should have a number.
List<WebElement> calling_options = browser.findElements(call_options_loc);
WebElement calling_option = calling_options.get(0);

if (calling_options.size() > 0) {
//Get the sibling elements which contain phone numbers.
WebElement phone_info = calling_option.findElement(phone_loc);

//Remove all the extra text and extract only the phone number.
List<String> phones = extract_phone_numbers(phone_info.getText());

return phones;
} else {
String error = "Cannot get list of contact numbers! Please click the reply button first!";
throw new RuntimeException(error);



Stack trace:

org.openqa.selenium.TimeoutException: Timed out after 5 seconds waiting for visibility of element located by By.xpath: //button[contains(concat(" ", normalize-space(@class), " "), " reply_options ")].......
at org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait.timeoutException(WebDriverWait.java:80)
at org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.FluentWait.until(FluentWait.java:261)
at src.Temp.wait_for_reply_options_popup_to_be_visible(Temp.java:59)
at src.Temp.get_calling_or_texting_options(Temp.java:63)
at src.Temp.get_phone_number(Temp.java:45)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
Caused by: org.openqa.selenium.NoSuchElementException: no such element
(Session info: chrome=52.0.2743.116)
(Driver info: chromedriver=2.9.248315,platform=Windows NT 6.1 SP1 x86_64) (WARNING: The server did not provide any stacktrace information)
Command duration or timeout: 9 milliseconds
For documentation on this error, please visit: http://seleniumhq.org/exceptions/no_such_element.html..........
*** Element info: {Using=xpath, value=//button[contains(concat(" ", normalize-space(@class), " "), " reply_options ")]}
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:408)
at org.openqa.selenium.remote.ErrorHandler.createThrowable(ErrorHandler.java:206)

Answer Source

WebElement objects will tell you if they are visible/enabled via a built in function.

    if(someElement.isDisplayed()) {
        // Do something...
    } else {
        // Do nothing...
} catch (Exception e) {
    // Do nothing or handle exception...

On a side note, it's usually better practice to have more...succinct names for functions for the sake of readability. i.e. wait_for_reply_options_popup_to_be_visible() might be waitForReplyOptions().

EDIT: Straight from the repo, it is suggested to make your own method to do this check, like the following:

public static boolean isPresentAndDisplayed(final WebElement element) {
    try {
        return element.isDisplayed();
    } catch (NoSuchElementException e) {
        return false;
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