camaya camaya - 4 months ago 53
Python Question

Deserialize nested fields in marshmallow

I'm consuming an API that returns something like:

{'name': 'foo', 'start': {'date': '2016-06-19', 'time': '18:00'}}


And I want to desearialize it with marshmallow to get only the name and the start date, so the desired result would be the following:

{'name': 'foo', 'date': '2016-06-19'}


But I haven't found any way to get the date, this what I have tried:

from marshmallow import Schema, fields, pprint

event = {'name': 'foo', 'start': {'date': '2016-06-19', 'time': '18:00'}}
class EventSchema(Schema):
name = fields.Str()
date = fields.Str(load_from='start.date')


schema = EventSchema()
result = schema.load(event)
pprint(result.data)

Answer

You will need to create a NestedSchema for the nested dictionary, and overwrite your parent schema's load method to append the nested field to parent. Specify a only attribute so the Nested field does not fetch all of its items:

class DateTimeSchema(Schema):
    date = fields.Str()
    time = fields.Str()


class EventSchema(Schema):
    name = fields.Str()
    date = fields.Nested(DateTimeSchema, load_from='start', only='date')

    def load(self, *args, special=None):
        _partial = super(EventSchema, self).load(*args)

        # Move special field from Nest to Parent
        if special is not None and special in _partial.data:
            _partial.data[special]  = _partial.data[special].get(special, None)
        return _partial

And setting up your schema instance like so:

event = {'name': 'foo', 'start': {'date': '2016-06-19', 'time': '18:00'}}

schema, special_field = EventSchema(), 'date'
result = schema.load(event, special=special_field)
pprint(result.data)
# {'name': 'foo', 'date': '2016-06-19'}

You can always fine tune to your taste.