Mateen Ulhaq Mateen Ulhaq - 11 months ago 42
C++ Question

May I initialize a global variable with the result of a function call?

Is the following code legal?

int add(int a, int b)
return a + b;

int myvar = add(1, 2);

int main() { /* ... */ }

Why, or why not?

Answer Source

Yes. Yes, it is.

Static initializers may call functions, as long as they're in scope.

[dcl.decl] (2003 wording, 8/2):

Initial values can also be specified in a declarator; initializers are discussed in 8.5 and 12.6.

[dcl.init] (2003 wording, 8.5/2):

Automatic, register, static, and external variables of namespace scope can be initialized by arbitrary expressions involving literals and previously declared variables and functions.

(Don't be misled by the lack of the static keyword, which has all sorts of meanings. Your variable myvar is declared at namespace scope, and thus has static storage duration.)