topskip topskip - 5 months ago 204
Node.js Question

node __dirname not defined

From the node manual I see that I can get the directory of a file with

__dirname
, but from the REPL this seems to be undefined. Is this a misunderstanding on my side or where is the error?

$ node
> console.log(__dirname)
ReferenceError: __dirname is not defined
at repl:1:14
at REPLServer.eval (repl.js:80:21)
at Interface.<anonymous> (repl.js:182:12)
at Interface.emit (events.js:67:17)
at Interface._onLine (readline.js:162:10)
at Interface._line (readline.js:426:8)
at Interface._ttyWrite (readline.js:603:14)
at ReadStream.<anonymous> (readline.js:82:12)
at ReadStream.emit (events.js:88:20)
at ReadStream._emitKey (tty.js:320:10)

Answer

__dirname is only defined in scripts. It's not available in REPL.

try make a script a.js

console.log(__dirname);

and run it:

node a.js

you will see __dirname printed.

Added background explanation: __dirname means 'The directory of this script'. In REPL, you don't have a script. Hence, __dirname would not have any real meaning.

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