You can replicate this effect on iOS 10. There's a new set of APIs called
UIPreviewInteractionDelegate that enable custom presentation for peek/pop interactions. I highly recommend watching A Peek at 3D Touch from this year's WWDC.
Looking at the iOS Runtime Headers, there's a class called
UIPreviewPresentationController. That's the controller responsible for peeks. Inside it, there are references to objects called
trailingPreviewAction. These have corresponding properties that deal with edge constraints and centers. Judging by use of the terms leading and trailing (as in Auto Layout), these may correspond to left/right action items.
This is speculation, but I think these related private classes (
_UIPreviewQuickActionView) control the behavior you're looking for. Those are unavailable right now.
Likewise, the documentation for
A preview action, or peek quick action, is displayed below a peek when a user swipes the peek upward. A peek quick action typically selects a deep link to your app and has a title, a style, and a handler.