Chris Chris - 9 months ago 46
iOS Question

How to load a XIB with a top-level ViewController?

I've got a nib with a view controller root element like this:

enter image description here

so I can position elements relative to the top and bottom layout guides using auto-layout.

When I first tried to load this nib using

SearchViewControllerPro* searchViewController = [[SearchViewControllerPro alloc]initWithNibName:@"SearchViewControllerPro" bundle:[NSBundle mainBundle]];

I got the following run-time exception:

Terminating app due to uncaught exception
'NSInternalInconsistencyException', reason: '-[UIViewController
_loadViewFromNibNamed:bundle:] loaded the "SearchViewControllerPro" nib but the view outlet was not set.'

Googling the error it was pointed out to me, that the file owner of the xib needed to be set to the class of my view controller and the view outlet had to be set to the view object in the xib. If I do so, then I get the following run-time error:

Terminating app due to uncaught exception
'UIViewControllerHierarchyInconsistency', reason: 'A view can only be
associated with at most one view controller at a time! View > is associated with . Clear this association before associating this view with

Does not come as a surprise since the view is associated to both the file owner and the top-level view controller of the nib. But how can I tell the run-time that they are both in fact the very same thing instead of two separate entities?

When I try to unpck the ViewController from the nib like so,

NSArray* xibContents = [[NSBundle mainBundle] loadNibNamed:@"SearchViewControllerPro" owner:nil options:nil];
SearchViewControllerPro* mapSearchViewController = [xibContents lastObject];

, it does no good either:

Terminating app due to uncaught exception 'NSUnknownKeyException',
reason: '[ setValue:forUndefinedKey:]: this class
is not key value coding-compliant for the key view.

Temporary solution:

I found a solution, but it is not pretty. Despite the structure as shown in IB, the view controller is not the last object in the xib. So I have:

__block SearchViewControllerPro* mapSearchViewController = nil;
[xibContents enumerateObjectsUsingBlock:^(id obj, NSUInteger idx, BOOL *stop) {
if ([obj isKindOfClass:[SearchViewControllerPro class]]) {
mapSearchViewController = obj;

and this seems to work without run-time crashes. However, it's everything but clean code.

Answer Source

how can I tell the run-time that they are both in fact the very same thing instead of two separate entities?

You can't because they are not the same thing. You have created two SearchViewControllerPro intstances.

You need to either alloc-init a SearchViewControllerPro instance or unarchive one from a nib.

If you decide to create the ViewController in the nib the usual way to access it is the same way you would access any other item (view, button, textfield) that you create in a nib.

Add an outlet to the FilesOwner object, hook up the connection in interface builder and be sure to pass the object when you unarchive the nib.

eg If you want the Object that unarchives the nib to be FilesOwner:

[[NSBundle mainBundle] loadNibNamed:@"SearchViewControllerPro" owner:self options:nil];