willpnw willpnw - 1 month ago 36
reST (reStructuredText) Question

Swift 3 How to validate server certificate using SSL Pinning and AlamoFire?

I'm writing an app in swift 3 that needs to talk to my server. I have the full certificate chain in der and crt format which I am the CA for(Not to be confused with self signed). How do I use this in my app to validate my server? Below is my rest call and response

Rest Call:

var request = URLRequest(url: URL(string: "https://myserver/login")!)
request.addValue("Content-Type", forHTTPHeaderField: "application/json")
request.httpMethod = "GET"
let session = URLSession.shared

session.dataTask(with: request) {data, response, err in
if data != nil {
if response != nil {
if err != nil {


Error Domain=NSURLErrorDomain Code=-1200 "An SSL error has occurred and a secure connection to the server cannot be made." UserInfo={NSURLErrorFailingURLPeerTrustErrorKey=<SecTrustRef: 0x60800011f020>, NSLocalizedRecoverySuggestion=Would you like to connect to the server anyway?, _kCFStreamErrorDomainKey=3, _kCFStreamErrorCodeKey=-9802, NSErrorPeerCertificateChainKey=(
"<cert(0x7fae4803d200) s: myserver i: MySubCA>",
"<cert(0x7fae48047000) s: MySubCA i: MyRootCA>",
"<cert(0x7fae48044600) s: MyRootCA i: MyRootCA>"
), NSUnderlyingError=0x60800005a040 {Error Domain=kCFErrorDomainCFNetwork Code=-1200 "(null)" UserInfo={_kCFStreamPropertySSLClientCertificateState=0, kCFStreamPropertySSLPeerTrust=<SecTrustRef: 0x60800011f020>, _kCFNetworkCFStreamSSLErrorOriginalValue=-9802, _kCFStreamErrorDomainKey=3, _kCFStreamErrorCodeKey=-9802, kCFStreamPropertySSLPeerCertificates=(
"<cert(0x7fae4803d200) s: myserver i: MySubCA>",
"<cert(0x7fae48047000) s: MySubCA i: MyRootCA>",
"<cert(0x7fae48044600) s: MyRootCA i: MyRootCA>"
)}}, NSLocalizedDescription=An SSL error has occurred and a secure connection to the server cannot be made., NSErrorFailingURLKey=https://myserver/login, NSErrorFailingURLStringKey=https://myserver/login, NSErrorClientCertificateStateKey=0}


I solved it pretty simply leveraging an online blog, AlamoFire and openssl

I used AlamoFire for the networking in iOS


I used an article about SSL pinning in iOS to get on the right direction


I used openssl to convert my cert to der format


Der conversion

openssl x509 -in cert.crt -out cert.der -outform DER

You will need to add the der formatted cert to your app bundle.

Swift 3 implementation

// Your hostname and endpoint
let hostname = "YOUR_HOST_NAME"
let endpoint = "YOUR_ENDPOINT"
let cert = "YOUR_CERT" // e.g. for cert.der, this should just be "cert"

// Set up certificates
let pathToCert = Bundle.main.path(forResource: cert, ofType: "der")
let localCertificate = NSData(contentsOfFile: pathToCert!)
let certificates = [SecCertificateCreateWithData(nil, localCertificate!)!]

// Configure the trust policy manager
let serverTrustPolicy = ServerTrustPolicy.pinCertificates(
    certificates: certificates,
    validateCertificateChain: true,
    validateHost: true
let serverTrustPolicies = [hostname: serverTrustPolicy]
let serverTrustPolicyManager = ServerTrustPolicyManager(policies: serverTrustPolicies)

// Configure session manager with trust policy
afManager = SessionManager(
    configuration: URLSessionConfiguration.default,
    serverTrustPolicyManager: serverTrustPolicyManager

afManager.request(endpoint, method: .get).responseJSON { response in
    debugPrint("All Response Info: \(response)")