Eduárdó Eduárdó - 4 months ago 13
CSS Question

How to prevent css keyframe animation to run on page load?

I have a div in which I animate the content:



#container {
position: relative;
width: 100px;
height: 100px;
border-style: inset;
}
#content {
visibility: hidden;
-webkit-animation: animDown 1s ease;
position: absolute;
top: 100px;
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
background-color: lightgreen;
}
#container:hover #content {
-webkit-animation: animUp 1s ease;
animation-fill-mode: forwards;
-webkit-animation-fill-mode: forwards;
}
@-webkit-keyframes animUp {
0% {
-webkit-transform: translateY(0);
visibility: hidden;
opacity: 0;
}
100% {
-webkit-transform: translateY(-100%);
visibility: visible;
opacity: 1;
}
}
@-webkit-keyframes animDown {
0% {
-webkit-transform: translateY(-100%);
visibility: visible;
opacity: 1;
}
100% {
-webkit-transform: translateY(0);
visibility: hidden;
opacity: 0;
}
}

<div id="container">
<div id="content"></div>
</div>





On hover content slides into the container div.
My problem is, when I refresh the page, and the page loads the
#content
's animDown animation will run, and I'd prefer it to run only after a hover event.

Is there a way to do this pure CSS, or I have to figure something out in JS?

http://jsfiddle.net/d0yhve8y/

Answer

Solution 1 - Add down animation on first hover

Probably the best option is to not put the down animation on until the user has hovered over the container for the first time.

This involves listening to the mouseover event then adding a class with the animation at that point, and removing the event listener. The main (potential) downside of this is it relies on Javascript.

;(function(){
    var c = document.getElementById('container');
    function addAnim() {
        c.classList.add('animated')
        // remove the listener, no longer needed
        c.removeEventListener('mouseover', addAnim);
    };

    // listen to mouseover for the container
    c.addEventListener('mouseover', addAnim);
})();
#container {
    position:relative;
    width:100px;
    height:100px;
    border-style:inset;
}
#content {
    position:absolute;
    top:100px;
    width:100%;
    height:100%;
    background-color:lightgreen;
    opacity:0;
}

/* This gets added on first mouseover */
#container.animated #content {
    -webkit-animation:animDown 1s ease;
}

#container:hover #content {
    -webkit-animation:animUp 1s ease;
    animation-fill-mode:forwards;
    -webkit-animation-fill-mode:forwards;
}

@-webkit-keyframes animUp {
    0% {
        -webkit-transform:translateY(0);
        opacity:0;
    }
    100% {
        -webkit-transform:translateY(-100%);
        opacity:1;
    }
}
@-webkit-keyframes animDown {
    0% {
        -webkit-transform:translateY(-100%);
        opacity:1;
    }
    100% {
        -webkit-transform:translateY(0);
        opacity:0;
    }
}
<div id="container">
    <div id="content"></div>
</div>

Solution 2 - play animation hidden

Another way around this is to initially hide the element, make sure the animation plays while it is hidden, then make it visible. The downside of this is that the timing could be slightly off and it is made visible too early, and also the hover isn't available straight away.

This requires some Javascript which waits for the length of the animation and only then makes #content visible. This means you also need to set the initial opacity to 0 so it doesn't appear on load and also remove the visibility from the keyframes - these aren't doing anything anyway:

// wait for the animation length, plus a bit, then make the element visible
window.setTimeout(function() {
    document.getElementById('content').style.visibility = 'visible';
}, 1100);
#container {
    position:relative;
    width:100px;
    height:100px;
    border-style:inset;
}

#content {
    visibility:hidden;
    -webkit-animation:animDown 1s ease;
    position:absolute;
    top:100px;
    width:100%;
    height:100%;
    background-color:lightgreen;
    opacity:0;
}

#container:hover #content {
    -webkit-animation:animUp 1s ease;
    animation-fill-mode:forwards;
    -webkit-animation-fill-mode:forwards;
}

@-webkit-keyframes animUp {
    0% {
        -webkit-transform:translateY(0);
        opacity:0;
    }
    100% {
        -webkit-transform:translateY(-100%);
        opacity:1;
    }
}

@-webkit-keyframes animDown {
    0% {
        -webkit-transform:translateY(-100%);
        opacity:1;
    }
    100% {
        -webkit-transform:translateY(0);
        opacity:0;
    }
}
<div id="container">
    <div id="content"></div>
</div>

Solution 3 - Use transitions

In your scenario, you can make this CSS only by replacing the keyframes with a transition instead, so it starts with opacity:0 and just the hover has a change in opacity and the transform:

#container {
    position:relative;
    width:100px;
    height:100px;
    border-style:inset;
}

#content {
    position:absolute;
    top:100px;
    width:100%;
    height:100%;
    background-color:lightgreen;

    /* initial state - hidden */
    opacity:0;
    /* set properties to animate - applies to hover and revert */
    transition:opacity 1s, transform 1s;
}

#container:hover #content {
    /* Just set properties to change - no need to change visibility */
    opacity:1;
    -webkit-transform:translateY(-100%);
    transform:translateY(-100%);
}
<div id="container">
    <div id="content"></div>
</div>