Dilanka Rathnayake Dilanka Rathnayake - 1 year ago 94
Javascript Question

Cannot read property '_getPortal' of undefined in ionic 2 Unit testing

I am a beginner to ionic 2 unit testing. I followed angular 2 documentation (https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/guide/testing.html) to test my ionic 2 application with karma and jasmine.

But now I am stuck in an error called


'Cannot read property '_getPortal' of undefined'


here is my
LocationSearchModal.ts
file

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { NavController, ViewController } from 'ionic-angular';
import { Location } from '../../services/domain/Location';
import { LocationService } from '../../services/LocationService';
import { LoadingController } from 'ionic-angular';

@Component({
selector: 'location-search-modal',
templateUrl: 'location-search-modal.html'
})
export class LocationSearchModal {
locationList: Array<Location> = new Array<Location>();
selectedLocation: number;
temp: any = "test";

constructor(public navCtrl: NavController, public locationService: LocationService, public viewController: ViewController, public loadingController: LoadingController) {
this.filterLocationsForString();
}

filterLocations(event: any): void {
const searchString: string = event.target.value;
this.filterLocationsForString(searchString);
console.log(this.filterLocationsForString(searchString));
}

filterLocationsForString(searchString?: string) {
let loader = this.loadingController.create({
content: "loading"
});
loader.present();
this.locationService.getLocationsForLikeSearchString(searchString)
.subscribe((result) => {
loader.dismissAll();
this.locationList = result
});
console.log(this.locationList);
}

closeLocationSearch() {
this.locationService.getLocationById(this.selectedLocation)
.subscribe((location) => this.viewController.dismiss(location[0]));
}

}


and I used service called locationService.ts there and this is that service

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Location } from './domain/Location';

import { DatabaseAccessor } from '../database/DatabaseAccessor';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Rx';

@Injectable()
export class LocationService {
locationList:Array<Location> = new Array<Location>();

constructor(public databaseAccessor: DatabaseAccessor) {}

getLocationsForLikeSearchString(searchString: string) : Observable<Array<Location>> {
const searchValue = (searchString == null) ? '%' : searchString.trim() + '%';
return <Observable<Array<Location>>> Observable.fromPromise(this.databaseAccessor.runSelectQuery(Location, new Location(), 'WHERE name LIKE ?', [searchValue]));
}

getLocationById(id: number): Observable<Location> {
return <Observable<Location>> Observable.fromPromise(this.databaseAccessor.runSelectQuery(Location, new Location(), 'WHERE id = ?', [id]));
}

saveLocations(locations: Array<Location>){
this.databaseAccessor.runInsertBatchQuery(Location.prototype, locations);
}


}


Finally, I wrote a
spec.ts
file to unit testing and here is that,

import { ComponentFixture, async } from '@angular/core/testing';
import { LocationSearchModal } from './LocationSearchModal';
import { LocationService } from '../../services/LocationService';
import { TestUtils } from '../../test';
import { TestBed } from '@angular/core/testing';
import { App, NavController, Platform, Config, Keyboard, Form, IonicModule, GestureController, ViewController, LoadingController } from 'ionic-angular';
import { ConfigMock } from '../../mocks';
import { TranslateModule } from 'ng2-translate';
import { DatabaseAccessor } from '../../database/DatabaseAccessor';

let comp: LocationSearchModal;
let fixture: ComponentFixture<LocationSearchModal>;
let instance: any = null;

describe('LocationSearchModal', () => {

beforeEach(async(() => {

TestBed.configureTestingModule({
declarations: [LocationSearchModal], // declare the test component
providers: [App, Platform, Form, Keyboard, NavController, GestureController, LoadingController, LocationService, DatabaseAccessor,
{ provide: ViewController, useClass: class { ViewController = jasmine.createSpy("viewController"); } },
{ provide: Config, useClass: ConfigMock },
],
imports: [
IonicModule,
TranslateModule.forRoot(),
],
});
fixture = TestBed.createComponent(LocationSearchModal);
comp = fixture.componentInstance;
}));

console.log(comp);
it('Testing Location Component', () => {
expect(comp.temp).toBe('test');
})
});


when I am running the following error comes from the terminal.
(my unit testing configuration are correct and I tested it with another simple .spec.ts file)


the error


SUMMARY:
✔ 1 test completed
✖ 1 test failed

FAILED TESTS:
LocationSearchModal
✖ Testing Location Component
Chrome 54.0.2840 (Linux 0.0.0)
Failed: Error in ./LocationSearchModal class LocationSearchModal_Host - inline template:0:0 caused by: Cannot read property '_getPortal' of undefined
TypeError: Cannot read property '_getPortal' of undefined
at App.present (webpack:/media/dilanka/Stuff/CODE%20BASE/Inspection/Unit%20Testing/Inspection-Rewrite/~/ionic-angular/components/app/app.js:78:0 <- src/test.ts:2091:35)
at Loading.present (webpack:/media/dilanka/Stuff/CODE%20BASE/Inspection/Unit%20Testing/Inspection-Rewrite/~/ionic-angular/components/loading/loading.js:31:0 <- src/test.ts:38779:26)
at LocationSearchModal.filterLocationsForString (webpack:/media/dilanka/Stuff/CODE%20BASE/Inspection/Unit%20Testing/Inspection-Rewrite/src/pages/location-search/LocationSearchModal.ts:9:4184 <- src/test.ts:18993:4170)
at new LocationSearchModal (webpack:/media/dilanka/Stuff/CODE%20BASE/Inspection/Unit%20Testing/Inspection-Rewrite/src/pages/location-search/LocationSearchModal.ts:9:3407 <- src/test.ts:18993:3391)
at new Wrapper_LocationSearchModal (/DynamicTestModule/LocationSearchModal/wrapper.ngfactory.js:7:18)
at _View_LocationSearchModal_Host0.createInternal (/DynamicTestModule/LocationSearchModal/host.ngfactory.js:16:35)
at _View_LocationSearchModal_Host0.AppView.create (webpack:/media/dilanka/Stuff/CODE%20BASE/Inspection/Unit%20Testing/Inspection-Rewrite/~/@angular/core/src/linker/view.js:84:0 <- src/test.ts:52350:21)
at _View_LocationSearchModal_Host0.DebugAppView.create (webpack:/media/dilanka/Stuff/CODE%20BASE/Inspection/Unit%20Testing/Inspection-Rewrite/~/@angular/core/src/linker/view.js:294:0 <- src/test.ts:52560:44)
at ComponentFactory.create (webpack:/media/dilanka/Stuff/CODE%20BASE/Inspection/Unit%20Testing/Inspection-Rewrite/~/@angular/core/src/linker/component_factory.js:152:0 <- src/test.ts:32035:36)
at initComponent (webpack:/media/dilanka/Stuff/CODE%20BASE/Inspection/Unit%20Testing/Inspection-Rewrite/~/@angular/core/bundles/core-testing.umd.js:855:0 <- src/test.ts:7416:53)

Answer Source

I Solved this problem finally. I used a mock and defined required methods in that mock. Then It works :)
here is an example for a mock.

export class ViewControllerMock {
  public _setHeader(): any { return {} };
  public _setNavbar(): any { return {} };
  public _setIONContent(): any { return {} };
  public _setIONContentRef(): any { return {} };
}

then have to import that mock into your .spec.ts file as follows

import {ViewControllerMock} from '../../mocks';

then have to define that mock in your providers in spec.ts file as follows

providers: [{ provide: ViewController, useClass: ViewControllerMock}],
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