Jimmy Jimmy - 3 months ago 16
C# Question

Getting all messages from InnerException(s)?

Is there any way to write a LINQ style "short hand" code for walking to all levels of InnerException(s) of Exception thrown? I would prefer to write it in place instead of calling an extension function (as below) or inheriting the

Exception
class.

static class Extensions
{
public static string GetaAllMessages(this Exception exp)
{
string message = string.Empty;
Exception innerException = exp;

do
{
message = message + (string.IsNullOrEmpty(innerException.Message) ? string.Empty : innerException.Message);
innerException = innerException.InnerException;
}
while (innerException != null);

return message;
}
};

Answer

Unfortunately LINQ doesn't offer methods that could process hierarchical structures, only collections.

I actually have some extension methods that could help do this. I don't have the exact code in hand but they're something like this:

// all error checking left out for brevity

// a.k.a., linked list style enumerator
public static IEnumerable<TSource> FromHierarchy<TSource>(
    this TSource source,
    Func<TSource, TSource> nextItem,
    Func<TSource, bool> canContinue)
{
    for (var current = source; canContinue(current); current = nextItem(current))
    {
        yield return current;
    }
}

public static IEnumerable<TSource> FromHierarchy<TSource>(
    this TSource source,
    Func<TSource, TSource> nextItem)
    where TSource : class
{
    return FromHierarchy(source, nextItem, s => s != null);
}

Then in this case you could do this to enumerate through the exceptions:

public static string GetaAllMessages(this Exception exception)
{
    var messages = exception.FromHierarchy(ex => ex.InnerException)
        .Select(ex => ex.Message);
    return String.Join(Environment.NewLine, messages);
}