The Shaper The Shaper - 4 years ago 824
SQL Question

How to check if a stored procedure exists before creating it

I have a SQL script that has to be run every time a client executes the "database management" functionality. The script includes creating stored procedures on the client database. Some of these clients might already have the stored procedure upon running the script, and some may not. I need to have the missing stored procedures added to the client database, but it doesn't matter how much I try to bend T-SQL syntax, I get


CREATE/ALTER PROCEDURE' must be the first statement in a query batch


I've read that dropping before creating works, but I don't like doing it that way.

IF EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.objects WHERE type = 'P' AND name = 'MyProc')
DROP PROCEDURE MyProc
GO

CREATE PROCEDURE MyProc
...


How can I add check for the existence of a stored procedure and create it if it doesn't exist but alter it if it does exist?

Answer Source

You can run procedural code anywhere you are able to run a query.

Just copy everything after AS:

BEGIN
    DECLARE @myvar INT
    SELECT  *
    FROM    mytable
    WHERE   @myvar ...
END

This code does exactly same things a stored proc would do, but is not stored on the database side.

That's much like what is called anonymous procedure in PL/SQL.

Update:

Your question title is a little bit confusing.

If you only need to create a procedure if it not exists, then your code is just fine.

Here's what SSMS outputs in the create script:

IF EXISTS ( SELECT  *
            FROM    sys.objects
            WHERE   object_id = OBJECT_ID(N'myproc')
                    AND type IN ( N'P', N'PC' ) ) 
DROP …
CREATE …

Update:

Example of how to do it when including the schema:

IF EXISTS ( SELECT * 
            FROM   sysobjects 
            WHERE  id = object_id(N'[dbo].[MyProc]') 
                   and OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1 )
BEGIN
    DROP PROCEDURE [dbo].[MyProc]
END

In the example above, dbo is the schema.

Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download