Opoe Opoe - 3 months ago 11
HTML Question

how to move a div with arrow keys

I would like to move a div with my arrow keys using jQuery.
So right, left, down and up.

Found a demo of what I want to accomplish here

I would like to be able to move a div around in another div.

How can this be done?

Answer

HTML:

<div id="pane">
    <div id="box"></div>
</div>

CSS:

#pane {
    position:relative;
    width:300px; height:300px;
    border:2px solid red;
}

#box {
    position:absolute; top:140px; left:140px;
    width:20px; height:20px;          
    background-color:black;
}

JavaScript:

var pane = $('#pane'),
    box = $('#box'),
    w = pane.width() - box.width(),
    d = {},
    x = 3;

function newv(v,a,b) {
    var n = parseInt(v, 10) - (d[a] ? x : 0) + (d[b] ? x : 0);
    return n < 0 ? 0 : n > w ? w : n;
}

$(window).keydown(function(e) { d[e.which] = true; });
$(window).keyup(function(e) { d[e.which] = false; });

setInterval(function() {
    box.css({
        left: function(i,v) { return newv(v, 37, 39); },
        top: function(i,v) { return newv(v, 38, 40); }
    });
}, 20);

Variable explanations:
w - the maximal left/top value that the box can have (to stay within bounds)
x - the distance (in px) that the box moves in each interval
d - this object stores the information on what key is being pressed. For instance, while the user holds down the LEFT ARROW key, d['37'] is true. Otherwise it's false. BTW, 37 is the key-code for the LEFT ARROW key and this value is stored in the e.which property of the event object. The d object is being updated on each keydown and keyup event.

An setInterval which is executed every 20ms, updates the left and top CSS properties of the box element. The new values are calculated via the newv function.

The newv function will calculate the new left/top value based on a) the old value v and b) the d object.

The expression n < 0 ? 0 : n > w ? w : n ensures that the new value is in the permitted bounds (which are 0 to w). If n is < 0, zero will be returned. If n is > w, w will be returned.


Live demo: http://jsfiddle.net/simevidas/bDMnX/1299/


Update: This code has the same functionality as the original code above. The only difference is that I used more meaningful names for my variables and arguments. As you can see, it looks awful - the original version is clearly better. :P

var pane = $('#pane'),
    box = $('#box'),
    maxValue = pane.width() - box.width(),
    keysPressed = {},
    distancePerIteration = 3;

function calculateNewValue(oldValue, keyCode1, keyCode2) {
    var newValue = parseInt(oldValue, 10)
                   - (keysPressed[keyCode1] ? distancePerIteration : 0)
                   + (keysPressed[keyCode2] ? distancePerIteration : 0);
    return newValue < 0 ? 0 : newValue > maxValue ? maxValue : newValue;
}

$(window).keydown(function(event) { keysPressed[event.which] = true; });
$(window).keyup(function(event) { keysPressed[event.which] = false; });

setInterval(function() {
    box.css({
        left: function(index ,oldValue) {
            return calculateNewValue(oldValue, 37, 39);
        },
        top: function(index, oldValue) {
            return calculateNewValue(oldValue, 38, 40);
        }
    });
}, 20);