keversc keversc - 1 month ago 36
TypeScript Question

Angular2 - Share data between components using services

I have an object that I want to share between my components into an Angular2 app.

Here is the source of the first component:

/* app.component.ts */

// ...imports
import {ConfigService} from './config.service';

@Component({
selector: 'my-app',
templateUrl: 'app/templates/app.html',
directives: [Grid],
providers: [ConfigService]
})
export class AppComponent {
public size: number;
public square: number;

constructor(_configService: ConfigService) {
this.size = 16;
this.square = Math.sqrt(this.size);

// Here I call the service to put my data
_configService.setOption('size', this.size);
_configService.setOption('square', this.square);
}
}


and the second component:

/* grid.component.ts */

// ...imports
import {ConfigService} from './config.service';

@Component({
selector: 'grid',
templateUrl: 'app/templates/grid.html',
providers: [ConfigService]
})
export class Grid {
public config;
public header = [];

constructor(_configService: ConfigService) {
// issue is here, the _configService.getConfig() get an empty object
// but I had filled it just before
this.config = _configService.getConfig();
}
}


and finally my little service, the ConfigService:

/* config.service.ts */

import {Injectable} from 'angular2/core';

@Injectable()
export class ConfigService {

private config = {};

setOption(option, value) {
this.config[option] = value;
}

getConfig() {
return this.config;
}
}


My data are not shared, in the grid.component.ts, the
_configService.getConfig()
line return an empty object, but it is filled just before in the app.component.ts.

I read the docs and tutorials, nothing worked.

What am I missing ?

Thanks

SOLVED

My issue was that I was injecting my ConfigService twice. In the bootstrap of the application and in the file where I'm using it.

I removed the
providers
setting and its worked !

Answer

You define it within your two components. So the service isn't shared. You have one instance for the AppComponent component and another one for the Grid component.

@Component({
  selector: 'my-app',
  templateUrl: 'app/templates/app.html',
  directives: [Grid],
  providers: [ConfigService]
})
export class AppComponent {
  (...)
}

The quick solution is to remove the providers attribute to your Grid component... This way the service instance will be shared by the AppComponent and its children components.

The other solution is to register the corresponding provider within the bootstrap function. In this case, the instance will be shared by the whole application.

bootstrap(AppComponent, [ ConfigService ]);

To understand why you need to do that, you need to be aware of the "hierarchical injectors" feature of Angular2. Following links could be useful: