Hassan Baig Hassan Baig - 1 year ago 89
Python Question

Annotating SUM aggregation function leading to 'None' value in Django

Beginner here. Doing my first real Django project. Can someone guide me please?

My project is a reddit clone. Users submit links+text. Visitors upvote or downvote. There's a social_ranking algo, runs every ~2 mins as a background script, reranks all the submissions according to net votes and freshness of content. Fairly vanilla stuff.

Ordering by

isn't working correctly, because
are being initialized as
instead of
. This causes submissions with
votes to rank below submissions with negative votes. I've debugged this issue for days - no luck. I hope one of you guys can point me in the right direction.

I've over-ridden my model's model manager to annotate a
aggregation function to the query set, and then order the said query set by 'social rank' and votes.

Below is my models.py. I'm using Django 1.5, thus some stuff you see here may not correspond to 1.8 (e.g.

class LinkVoteCountManager(models.Manager):
def get_query_set(self):
return super(LinkVoteCountManager, self).get_query_set().annotate(votes=Sum('vote__value')).order_by('-rank_score', '-votes')

class Link(models.Model):
description = models.TextField(_("Write something"))
submitter = models.ForeignKey(User)
submitted_on = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add=True)
rank_score = models.FloatField(default=0.0)
url = models.URLField(_("Link"), max_length=250, blank=True)

with_votes = LinkVoteCountManager()
objects = models.Manager()

def __unicode__(self):
return self.description

def set_rank(self):
# Based on reddit ranking algo at http://amix.dk/blog/post/19588
epoch = datetime(1970, 1, 1).replace(tzinfo=None)
netvotes = self.votes # 'NONE' votes are messing up netvotes amount.
if netvotes == None:
netvotes = 0
order = log(max(abs(netvotes), 1), 10)
sign = 1 if netvotes > 0 else -1 if netvotes < 0 else 0
unaware_submission = self.submitted_on.replace(tzinfo=None)
td = unaware_submission - epoch
epoch_submission = td.days * 86400 + td.seconds + (float(td.microseconds) / 1000000)
secs = epoch_submission - 1432201843
self.rank_score = round(sign * order + secs / 45000, 8)

class Vote(models.Model):
voter = models.ForeignKey(User)
link = models.ForeignKey(Link)
value = models.IntegerField(null=True, blank=True, default=0)

def __unicode__(self):
return "%s gave %s to %s" % (self.voter.username, self.value, self.link.description)

If needed, the following are relevant sections from my views.py:

class LinkListView(ListView):
model = Link
queryset = Link.with_votes.all()
paginate_by = 10

def get_context_data(self, **kwargs):
context = super(LinkListView, self).get_context_data(**kwargs)
if self.request.user.is_authenticated():
voted = Vote.objects.filter(voter=self.request.user)
links_in_page = [link.id for link in context["object_list"]]
voted = voted.filter(link_id__in=links_in_page)
voted = voted.values_list('link_id', flat=True)
context["voted"] = voted
return context

class LinkCreateView(CreateView):
model = Link
form_class = LinkForm

def form_valid(self, form):
f = form.save(commit=False)
f.with_votes = 0
f.category = '1'
return super(CreateView, self).form_valid(form)

Can anyone shed light on what I need to do to fix the "None" issue? Thanks in advance.

Answer Source

Just hit the same wall, although I chose to ignore None entries by excluding them out of the results. Guess you don't want that.

BTW, this question has the same issue Annotating a Sum results in None rather than zero

As for the solution other than using a custom sql as pointed out in that question's answer, you can use Django 1.8 instead and go for the solution pointed out in the ticket open in Django's bug tracker for over 6 years(!) https://code.djangoproject.com/ticket/10929

Coalesce(Sum('field'), 0)

So your manager would be:

class LinkVoteCountManager(models.Manager):
    def get_query_set(self):
        return super(LinkVoteCountManager, self).get_query_set().annotate(
            votes=Coalesce(Sum('vote__value'), 0)

PS: I have not tested the code, since I'm not using Django 1.8 myself.

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