johnnyturbo3 johnnyturbo3 - 23 days ago 6
C++ Question

Reading and writing binary file

I'm trying to write code to read a binary file into a buffer, then write the buffer to another file. I have the following code, but the buffer only stores a couple of ASCII characters from the first line in the file and nothing else.

int length;
char * buffer;

ifstream is;
is.open ("C:\\Final.gif", ios::binary );
// get length of file:
is.seekg (0, ios::end);
length = is.tellg();
is.seekg (0, ios::beg);
// allocate memory:
buffer = new char [length];
// read data as a block:
is.read (buffer,length);
is.close();

FILE *pFile;
pFile = fopen ("C:\\myfile.gif", "w");
fwrite (buffer , 1 , sizeof(buffer) , pFile );

Answer

If you want to do this the C++ way, do it like this:

#include <fstream>
#include <iterator>
#include <algorithm>

int main()
{
    std::ifstream input( "C:\\Final.gif", std::ios::binary );
    std::ofstream output( "C:\\myfile.gif", std::ios::binary );

    std::copy( 
        std::istreambuf_iterator<char>(input), 
        std::istreambuf_iterator<char>( ),
        std::ostreambuf_iterator<char>(output));
}

If you need that data in a buffer to modify it or something, do this:

#include <fstream>
#include <iterator>
#include <vector>

int main()
{
    std::ifstream input( "C:\\Final.gif", std::ios::binary );
    // copies all data into buffer
    std::vector<char> buffer((
            std::istreambuf_iterator<char>(input)), 
            (std::istreambuf_iterator<char>()));
}