Steeve Cannon Steeve Cannon - 3 months ago 16
Javascript Question

How do we or can we use node modules via npm with Meteor?

How do we or can we use node modules via npm with Meteor?

Or is that something that will be dependent on the packaging API?

Or is there a prescribed method that is recommended?

Answer

Meteor 1.3, released on March 28, 2016, gives apps full ES6 (ES2015) modules support and out of the box NPM support. Apps and packages can now load NPM modules directly and easily on the client and on the server.

If you can use 1.3, then check http://guide.meteor.com/using-packages.html#installing-npm.

For example, to use moment.js:

meteor npm install --save moment

Then in your code:

import moment from 'moment';

// this is equivalent to the standard node require:
const moment = require('moment');

If you need to use an older version of Meteor, read the rest of the answer below.


Pre-Meteor 1.3:

Since v0.6.0, Meteor integrates directly with NPM modules with the help of a 3rd party package. For example, to use a module like ws,

  1. Run sudo npm install -g ws (or for local installs, see this)
  2. In your sever JavaScript file,

    var Websocket = Npm.require('ws');
    var myws = new Websocket('url');
    

To use a core Node module, just make the corresponding Npm.require() call, e.g. var Readable = Npm.require('stream').Readable.


You can use any of the more than 230,000 NPM modules directly with Meteor thanks to the NPM package developed by Arunoda.

You can also define dependencies on Npm packages from smart packages - from the initial announcement of npm support:

Your smart package can now define dependencies directly, by adding a call to Npm.depends in package.js:

Npm.depends({
  "awssum": "0.12.2",
  "underscore.string": "2.3.1"
});

All of this works well with hot code reload, just like the rest of Meteor. When you make changes, the bundler will automatically download missing npm packages and re-pin its dependencies.

To use an NPM module within server code, use Npm.require as you would normally use plain require. Notably, __meteor_bootstrap__.require has been eliminated and all of its uses have been converted to Npm.require.

There is a small example of using an NPM module in your application.

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