What is the difference between the C-style operators
open (FILE, $file) or die("cannot open $file");
open (FILE, $file) || die("cannot open $file");
From Perl Doc ..
This is list operator . On the right side of a list operator, it has very low precedence, such that it controls all comma-separated expressions found there. The only operators with lower precedence are the logical operators "and", "or", and "not", which may be used to evaluate calls to list operators without the need for extra parentheses. Logical or, Defined or, and Exclusive Or
Binary "or" returns the logical disjunction of the two surrounding expressions. It's equivalent to || except for the very low precedence. This makes it useful for control flow
print FH $data or die "Can't write to FH: $!";
This means that it short-circuits: i.e., the right expression is evaluated only if the left expression is false. Due to its precedence, you should probably avoid using this for assignment, only for control flow.
$a = $b or $c; # bug: this is wrong ($a = $b) or $c; # really means this $a = $b || $c; # better written this way
However, when it's a list-context assignment and you're trying to use "||" for control flow, you probably need "or" so that the assignment takes higher precedence.
@info = stat($file) || die; # oops, scalar sense of stat! @info = stat($file) or die; # better, now @info gets its due
Then again, you could always use parentheses.
If any list operator (print(), etc.) or any unary operator (chdir(), etc.) is followed by a left parenthesis as the next token, the operator and arguments within parentheses are taken to be of highest precedence, just like a normal function call. For example, because named unary operators are higher precedence than ||:
chdir $foo || die; # (chdir $foo) || die chdir($foo) || die; # (chdir $foo) || die chdir ($foo) || die; # (chdir $foo) || die chdir +($foo) || die; # (chdir $foo) || die