Tom Esterez Tom Esterez - 6 months ago 149
Android Question

Android: Expand/collapse animation

Let's say I have a vertical linearLayout with :

[v1]
[v2]


By default v1 has visibily = GONE. I would like to show v1 with an expand animation and push down v2 at the same time.

I tried something like this:

Animation a = new Animation()
{
int initialHeight;

@Override
protected void applyTransformation(float interpolatedTime, Transformation t) {
final int newHeight = (int)(initialHeight * interpolatedTime);
v.getLayoutParams().height = newHeight;
v.requestLayout();
}

@Override
public void initialize(int width, int height, int parentWidth, int parentHeight) {
super.initialize(width, height, parentWidth, parentHeight);
initialHeight = height;
}

@Override
public boolean willChangeBounds() {
return true;
}
};


But with this solution, I have a blink when the animation starts. I think it's caused by v1 displaying full size before the animation is applied.

With javascript, this is one line of jQuery! Any simple way to do this with android?

Answer

I see that this question became popular so I post my actual solution. The main advantage is that you don't have to know the expanded height to apply the animation and once the view is expanded, it adapts height if content changes. It works great for me.

public static void expand(final View v) {
    v.measure(LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
    final int targetHeight = v.getMeasuredHeight();

    // Older versions of android (pre API 21) cancel animations for views with a height of 0.
    v.getLayoutParams().height = 1;
    v.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
    Animation a = new Animation()
    {
        @Override
        protected void applyTransformation(float interpolatedTime, Transformation t) {
            v.getLayoutParams().height = interpolatedTime == 1
                    ? LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT
                    : (int)(targetHeight * interpolatedTime);
            v.requestLayout();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean willChangeBounds() {
            return true;
        }
    };

    // 1dp/ms
    a.setDuration((int)(targetHeight / v.getContext().getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density));
    v.startAnimation(a);
}

public static void collapse(final View v) {
    final int initialHeight = v.getMeasuredHeight();

    Animation a = new Animation()
    {
        @Override
        protected void applyTransformation(float interpolatedTime, Transformation t) {
            if(interpolatedTime == 1){
                v.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            }else{
                v.getLayoutParams().height = initialHeight - (int)(initialHeight * interpolatedTime);
                v.requestLayout();
            }
        }

        @Override
        public boolean willChangeBounds() {
            return true;
        }
    };

    // 1dp/ms
    a.setDuration((int)(initialHeight / v.getContext().getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density));
    v.startAnimation(a);
}