Olaf Erlandsen Olaf Erlandsen - 5 months ago 321
Android Question

How to solve Execution failed for task transformClassesWithDexForArmv7Debug on Cordova

When i try build a APK width Cordova, this show me a error exception.
To create my APK i use

cordova build android

Before install Windows 10, i use the same configuration, but work well.

My steps


  • Create project with
    cordova create Example com.example.app Example

  • Add platform support with
    cordova platform add android

  • Add plugins support with
    cordova plugin add XYZ

  • prepare cordova project with
    cordova prepare android

  • build cordova APK with
    cordova build android
    (i don't use --release 'cos i need debug APK)



My configuration:


  • Windows 10 x64 width 16GB Ram and AMD 2.4 Ghz * 8 Core( I don't use Emulator 'cos is too slow in AMD)

  • Cordova 6.1.1

  • Java 1.8.0_91

  • Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_91-b14)

  • Android Studio 2.1 (Build AI-143.2790544)

  • Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.91-b14, mixed mode)

  • PATH: ANDROID_HOME=C:\Users\Olaf\AppData\Local\Android\sdk

  • PATH: JAVA_HOME=C:\Program Files\java\jdk1.8.0_91



build.gradle file

// GENERATED FILE! DO NOT EDIT!

apply plugin: 'android'

buildscript {
repositories {
mavenCentral()
}

// Switch the Android Gradle plugin version requirement depending on the
// installed version of Gradle. This dependency is documented at
// http://tools.android.com/tech-docs/new-build-system/version-compatibility
// and https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CB-8143
dependencies {
classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:1.5.0'
}
}

// Allow plugins to declare Maven dependencies via build-extras.gradle.
repositories {
mavenCentral()
}

task wrapper(type: Wrapper) {
gradleVersion = '2.8'
}

// Configuration properties. Set these via environment variables, build-extras.gradle, or gradle.properties.
// Refer to: http://www.gradle.org/docs/current/userguide/tutorial_this_and_that.html
ext {
apply from: 'CordovaLib/cordova.gradle'
// The value for android.compileSdkVersion.
if (!project.hasProperty('cdvCompileSdkVersion')) {
cdvCompileSdkVersion = null;
}
// The value for android.buildToolsVersion.
if (!project.hasProperty('cdvBuildToolsVersion')) {
cdvBuildToolsVersion = null;
}
// Sets the versionCode to the given value.
if (!project.hasProperty('cdvVersionCode')) {
cdvVersionCode = null
}
// Sets the minSdkVersion to the given value.
if (!project.hasProperty('cdvMinSdkVersion')) {
cdvMinSdkVersion = null
}
// Whether to build architecture-specific APKs.
if (!project.hasProperty('cdvBuildMultipleApks')) {
cdvBuildMultipleApks = null
}
// .properties files to use for release signing.
if (!project.hasProperty('cdvReleaseSigningPropertiesFile')) {
cdvReleaseSigningPropertiesFile = null
}
// .properties files to use for debug signing.
if (!project.hasProperty('cdvDebugSigningPropertiesFile')) {
cdvDebugSigningPropertiesFile = null
}
// Set by build.js script.
if (!project.hasProperty('cdvBuildArch')) {
cdvBuildArch = null
}

// Plugin gradle extensions can append to this to have code run at the end.
cdvPluginPostBuildExtras = []
}

// PLUGIN GRADLE EXTENSIONS START
apply from: "cordova-plugin-crosswalk-webview/app-xwalk.gradle"
// PLUGIN GRADLE EXTENSIONS END

def hasBuildExtras = file('build-extras.gradle').exists()
if (hasBuildExtras) {
apply from: 'build-extras.gradle'
}

// Set property defaults after extension .gradle files.
if (ext.cdvCompileSdkVersion == null) {
ext.cdvCompileSdkVersion = privateHelpers.getProjectTarget()
}
if (ext.cdvBuildToolsVersion == null) {
ext.cdvBuildToolsVersion = privateHelpers.findLatestInstalledBuildTools()
}
if (ext.cdvDebugSigningPropertiesFile == null && file('debug-signing.properties').exists()) {
ext.cdvDebugSigningPropertiesFile = 'debug-signing.properties'
}
if (ext.cdvReleaseSigningPropertiesFile == null && file('release-signing.properties').exists()) {
ext.cdvReleaseSigningPropertiesFile = 'release-signing.properties'
}

// Cast to appropriate types.
ext.cdvBuildMultipleApks = cdvBuildMultipleApks == null ? false : cdvBuildMultipleApks.toBoolean();
ext.cdvMinSdkVersion = cdvMinSdkVersion == null ? null : Integer.parseInt('' + cdvMinSdkVersion)
ext.cdvVersionCode = cdvVersionCode == null ? null : Integer.parseInt('' + cdvVersionCode)

def computeBuildTargetName(debugBuild) {
def ret = 'assemble'
if (cdvBuildMultipleApks && cdvBuildArch) {
def arch = cdvBuildArch == 'arm' ? 'armv7' : cdvBuildArch
ret += '' + arch.toUpperCase().charAt(0) + arch.substring(1);
}
return ret + (debugBuild ? 'Debug' : 'Release')
}

// Make cdvBuild a task that depends on the debug/arch-sepecific task.
task cdvBuildDebug
cdvBuildDebug.dependsOn {
return computeBuildTargetName(true)
}

task cdvBuildRelease
cdvBuildRelease.dependsOn {
return computeBuildTargetName(false)
}

task cdvPrintProps << {
println('cdvCompileSdkVersion=' + cdvCompileSdkVersion)
println('cdvBuildToolsVersion=' + cdvBuildToolsVersion)
println('cdvVersionCode=' + cdvVersionCode)
println('cdvMinSdkVersion=' + cdvMinSdkVersion)
println('cdvBuildMultipleApks=' + cdvBuildMultipleApks)
println('cdvReleaseSigningPropertiesFile=' + cdvReleaseSigningPropertiesFile)
println('cdvDebugSigningPropertiesFile=' + cdvDebugSigningPropertiesFile)
println('cdvBuildArch=' + cdvBuildArch)
println('computedVersionCode=' + android.defaultConfig.versionCode)
android.productFlavors.each { flavor ->
println('computed' + flavor.name.capitalize() + 'VersionCode=' + flavor.versionCode)
}
}

android {
sourceSets {
main {
manifest.srcFile 'AndroidManifest.xml'
java.srcDirs = ['src']
resources.srcDirs = ['src']
aidl.srcDirs = ['src']
renderscript.srcDirs = ['src']
res.srcDirs = ['res']
assets.srcDirs = ['assets']
jniLibs.srcDirs = ['libs']
}
}

defaultConfig {
versionCode cdvVersionCode ?: Integer.parseInt("" + privateHelpers.extractIntFromManifest("versionCode") + "0")
applicationId privateHelpers.extractStringFromManifest("package")

if (cdvMinSdkVersion != null) {
minSdkVersion cdvMinSdkVersion
}
}

lintOptions {
abortOnError false;
}

compileSdkVersion cdvCompileSdkVersion
buildToolsVersion cdvBuildToolsVersion

if (Boolean.valueOf(cdvBuildMultipleApks)) {
productFlavors {
armv7 {
versionCode defaultConfig.versionCode + 2
ndk {
abiFilters "armeabi-v7a", ""
}
}
x86 {
versionCode defaultConfig.versionCode + 4
ndk {
abiFilters "x86", ""
}
}
all {
ndk {
abiFilters "all", ""
}
}
}
} else if (!cdvVersionCode) {
def minSdkVersion = cdvMinSdkVersion ?: privateHelpers.extractIntFromManifest("minSdkVersion")
// Vary versionCode by the two most common API levels:
// 14 is ICS, which is the lowest API level for many apps.
// 20 is Lollipop, which is the lowest API level for the updatable system webview.
if (minSdkVersion >= 20) {
defaultConfig.versionCode += 9
} else if (minSdkVersion >= 14) {
defaultConfig.versionCode += 8
}
}

compileOptions {
sourceCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_6
targetCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_6
}

if (cdvReleaseSigningPropertiesFile) {
signingConfigs {
release {
// These must be set or Gradle will complain (even if they are overridden).
keyAlias = ""
keyPassword = "__unset" // And these must be set to non-empty in order to have the signing step added to the task graph.
storeFile = null
storePassword = "__unset"
}
}
buildTypes {
release {
signingConfig signingConfigs.release
}
}
addSigningProps(cdvReleaseSigningPropertiesFile, signingConfigs.release)
}
if (cdvDebugSigningPropertiesFile) {
addSigningProps(cdvDebugSigningPropertiesFile, signingConfigs.debug)
}
}

dependencies {
compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: '*.jar')
// SUB-PROJECT DEPENDENCIES START
debugCompile project(path: "CordovaLib", configuration: "debug")
releaseCompile project(path: "CordovaLib", configuration: "release")
// SUB-PROJECT DEPENDENCIES END
}

def promptForReleaseKeyPassword() {
if (!cdvReleaseSigningPropertiesFile) {
return;
}
if ('__unset'.equals(android.signingConfigs.release.storePassword)) {
android.signingConfigs.release.storePassword = privateHelpers.promptForPassword('Enter key store password: ')
}
if ('__unset'.equals(android.signingConfigs.release.keyPassword)) {
android.signingConfigs.release.keyPassword = privateHelpers.promptForPassword('Enter key password: ');
}
}

gradle.taskGraph.whenReady { taskGraph ->
taskGraph.getAllTasks().each() { task ->
if (task.name == 'validateReleaseSigning') {
promptForReleaseKeyPassword()
}
}
}

def addSigningProps(propsFilePath, signingConfig) {
def propsFile = file(propsFilePath)
def props = new Properties()
propsFile.withReader { reader ->
props.load(reader)
}

def storeFile = new File(props.get('key.store') ?: privateHelpers.ensureValueExists(propsFilePath, props, 'storeFile'))
if (!storeFile.isAbsolute()) {
storeFile = RelativePath.parse(true, storeFile.toString()).getFile(propsFile.getParentFile())
}
if (!storeFile.exists()) {
throw new FileNotFoundException('Keystore file does not exist: ' + storeFile.getAbsolutePath())
}
signingConfig.keyAlias = props.get('key.alias') ?: privateHelpers.ensureValueExists(propsFilePath, props, 'keyAlias')
signingConfig.keyPassword = props.get('keyPassword', props.get('key.alias.password', signingConfig.keyPassword))
signingConfig.storeFile = storeFile
signingConfig.storePassword = props.get('storePassword', props.get('key.store.password', signingConfig.storePassword))
def storeType = props.get('storeType', props.get('key.store.type', ''))
if (!storeType) {
def filename = storeFile.getName().toLowerCase();
if (filename.endsWith('.p12') || filename.endsWith('.pfx')) {
storeType = 'pkcs12'
} else {
storeType = signingConfig.storeType // "jks"
}
}
signingConfig.storeType = storeType
}

for (def func : cdvPluginPostBuildExtras) {
func()
}

// This can be defined within build-extras.gradle as:
// ext.postBuildExtras = { ... code here ... }
if (hasProperty('postBuildExtras')) {
postBuildExtras()
}


My Plugins:


  • cordova-android-support-v4 4.0.0 "Android Support v4"

  • cordova-plugin-compat 1.0.0 "Compat"

  • cordova-plugin-crosswalk-webview 1.7.0 "Crosswalk WebView Engine"

  • cordova-plugin-device 1.1.2 "Device"

  • cordova-plugin-dialogs 1.2.1 "Notification"

  • cordova-plugin-file 4.2.0 "File"

  • cordova-plugin-geolocation 2.2.0 "Geolocation"

  • cordova-plugin-media 2.3.0 "Media"

  • cordova-plugin-network-information 1.2.1 "Network Information"

  • cordova-plugin-statusbar 2.1.3 "StatusBar"

  • cordova-plugin-whitelist 1.2.2 "Whitelist"

  • cordova-plugin-x-socialsharing 5.0.12 "SocialSharing"

  • SDK Packages(all) SDK Packages

  • SDK Tools(all)SDK Tools

  • SDK Updates(all)SDK Updates



The output error:

C:\Users\Olaf\Desktop\Projects\Example>cordova build android
ANDROID_HOME=C:\Users\Olaf\AppData\Local\Android\sdk
JAVA_HOME=C:\Program Files\java\jdk1.8.0_91
null
org.xwalk:xwalk_core_library_beta:18+
:preBuild UP-TO-DATE
:preArmv7DebugBuild UP-TO-DATE
:checkArmv7DebugManifest
:preX86DebugBuild UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:preBuild UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:preDebugBuild UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:compileDebugNdk UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:compileLint
:CordovaLib:copyDebugLint UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:mergeDebugProguardFiles UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:packageDebugRenderscript UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:checkDebugManifest
:CordovaLib:prepareDebugDependencies
:CordovaLib:compileDebugRenderscript UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateDebugResValues UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateDebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:packageDebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:compileDebugAidl UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateDebugBuildConfig UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateDebugAssets UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:mergeDebugAssets UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:processDebugManifest UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:processDebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateDebugSources UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:compileDebugJavaWithJavac UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:processDebugJavaRes UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:transformResourcesWithMergeJavaResForDebug UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:transformClassesAndResourcesWithSyncLibJarsForDebug UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:mergeDebugJniLibFolders UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:transformNative_libsWithMergeJniLibsForDebug UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:transformNative_libsWithSyncJniLibsForDebug UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:bundleDebug UP-TO-DATE
:prepareAndroidCordovaLibUnspecifiedDebugLibrary UP-TO-DATE
:preArmv7ReleaseBuild UP-TO-DATE
:preX86ReleaseBuild UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:preReleaseBuild UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:compileReleaseNdk UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:copyReleaseLint UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:mergeReleaseProguardFiles UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:packageReleaseRenderscript UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:checkReleaseManifest
:CordovaLib:prepareReleaseDependencies
:CordovaLib:compileReleaseRenderscript UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateReleaseResValues UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:packageReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:compileReleaseAidl UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateReleaseBuildConfig UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateReleaseAssets UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:mergeReleaseAssets UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:processReleaseManifest UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:processReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:generateReleaseSources UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:compileReleaseJavaWithJavac UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:processReleaseJavaRes UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:transformResourcesWithMergeJavaResForRelease UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:transformClassesAndResourcesWithSyncLibJarsForRelease UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:mergeReleaseJniLibFolders UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:transformNative_libsWithMergeJniLibsForRelease UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:transformNative_libsWithSyncJniLibsForRelease UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:bundleRelease UP-TO-DATE
:prepareComAndroidSupportSupportV42400Alpha2Library UP-TO-DATE
:prepareOrgXwalkXwalk_core_library_beta184847713Library UP-TO-DATE
:prepareArmv7DebugDependencies
:compileArmv7DebugAidl UP-TO-DATE
:compileArmv7DebugRenderscript UP-TO-DATE
:generateArmv7DebugBuildConfig UP-TO-DATE
:generateArmv7DebugAssets UP-TO-DATE
:mergeArmv7DebugAssets UP-TO-DATE
:createXwalkCommandLineFileArmv7Debug
:generateArmv7DebugResValues UP-TO-DATE
:generateArmv7DebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:mergeArmv7DebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:processArmv7DebugManifest UP-TO-DATE
:processArmv7DebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:generateArmv7DebugSources UP-TO-DATE
:compileArmv7DebugJavaWithJavac UP-TO-DATE
:compileArmv7DebugNdk UP-TO-DATE
:compileArmv7DebugSources UP-TO-DATE
:transformClassesWithDexForArmv7Debug
UNEXPECTED TOP-LEVEL EXCEPTION:
com.android.dex.DexException: Multiple dex files define Landroid/support/v4/accessibilityservice/AccessibilityServiceInfoCompat$AccessibilityServiceInfoVersionImpl;
at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.readSortableTypes(DexMerger.java:579)
at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.getSortedTypes(DexMerger.java:535)
at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.mergeClassDefs(DexMerger.java:517)
at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.mergeDexes(DexMerger.java:164)
at com.android.dx.merge.DexMerger.merge(DexMerger.java:188)
at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.mergeLibraryDexBuffers(Main.java:504)
at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.runMonoDex(Main.java:334)
at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.run(Main.java:277)
at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.main(Main.java:245)
at com.android.dx.command.Main.main(Main.java:106)


FAILED

BUILD FAILED

Total time: 1 mins 24.646 secs

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

* What went wrong:
Execution failed for task ':transformClassesWithDexForArmv7Debug'.
> com.android.build.api.transform.TransformException: com.android.ide.common.process.ProcessException: org.gradle.process.internal.ExecException: Process 'command 'C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_91\bin\java.exe'' finished with non-zero exit value 2

* Try:
Run with --stacktrace option to get the stack trace. Run with --info or --debug option to get more log output.
Error: Error code 1 for command: cmd with args: /s,/c,"C:\Users\Olaf\Desktop\Projects\Example\platforms\android\gradlew cdvBuildDebug -b C:\Users\Olaf\Desktop\Projects\Example\platforms\android\build.gradle -Dorg.gradle.daemon=true -Pandroid.useDeprecatedNdk=true"


Please, if you know the solution, tell me to continue with my projecto, thanks a lot!

Answer

Well after few days learn about this problem, i found solution. In my case, the solution is too simple 'cos only need remove android-support-v4.jar from platforms/android/libs in my Cordova project.

So, if you create a Cordova/Phonegap/Ionic project, you have the tree like to

ExampleProject/
    - hooks/
    - platforms/
        - android
            - ...
            - libs/
                - android-support-v4.jar <--- REMOVE!!
            - ...
    - plugins/
        - ...
    - www/
        - ...

If u can't find the f***ing android-support-v4.jar on libs folder, you can find it on you plugins folder like this.

ExampleProject/
    - hooks/
    - platforms/
        - ...
    - plugins/
        - cordova-android-support-v4/
                - android-support-v4.jar <--- REMOVE!!
    - www/
        - ...

Remember reload project with the command cordova prepare <platform>, where <platform> is you platform like ios, android, windows , firefox, etc.

In case of Phonegap you can use phonegap prepare <platform>. In case of Ionic you can use ionic prepare <platform>.

Bye!

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