Zargony Zargony - 4 months ago 22
Objective-C Question

How to parse an ISO-8601 duration in Objective C?

I'm looking for an easy way to parse a string that contains an ISO-8601 duration in Objective C. The result should be something usable like a

NSTimeInterval
.

An example of an ISO-8601 duration:
P1DT13H24M17S
, which means 1 day, 13 hours, 24 minutes and 17 seconds.

Answer

If you know exactly which fields you'll be getting, you can use one invocation of sscanf():

const char *stringToParse = ...;
int days, hours, minutes, seconds;
NSTimeInterval interval;
if(sscanf(stringToParse, "P%dDT%dH%dM%sS", &days, &hours, &minutes, &seconds) == 4)
    interval = ((days * 24 + hours) * 60 + minutes) * 60 + seconds;
else
    ; // handle error, parsing failed

If any of the fields might be omitted, you'll need to be a little smarter in your parsing, e.g.:

const char *stringToParse = ...;
int days = 0, hours = 0, minutes = 0, seconds = 0;

const char *ptr = stringToParse;
while(*ptr)
{
    if(*ptr == 'P' || *ptr == 'T')
    {
        ptr++;
        continue;
    }

    int value, charsRead;
    char type;
    if(sscanf(ptr, "%d%c%n", &value, &type, &charsRead) != 2)
        ;  // handle parse error
    if(type == 'D')
        days = value;
    else if(type == 'H')
        hours = value;
    else if(type == 'M')
        minutes = value;
    else if(type == 'S')
        seconds = value;
    else
        ;  // handle invalid type

    ptr += charsRead;
}

NSTimeInterval interval = ((days * 24 + hours) * 60 + minutes) * 60 + seconds;