Raaj Raaj -4 years ago 130
C++ Question

How to use a boost::mutex as the mapped type in std::map?

I would like to lock the keys/index in another map like this:

std::map<int, boost::mutex> pointCloudsMutexes_;
pointCloudsMutexes_[index].lock();


However, I am getting the following error:

/usr/include/c++/4.8/bits/stl_pair.h:113: error: no matching function for call to 'boost::mutex::mutex(const boost::mutex&)'
: first(__a), second(__b) { }
^


It seems to work with
std::vector
, but not with
std::map
. What am I doing wrong?

Answer Source

In C++ before C++11, the mapped type of a std::map must be both default-constructible and copy-constructible, when calling operator[]. However, boost::mutex is explicitly designed not to be copy-constructible, because it is generally unclear what the semantics of copying a mutex should be. Due to boost::mutex not being copyable, insertion of such value using pointCloudsMutexes_[index] fails to compile.

The best workaround is to use some shared pointer to boost::mutex as the mapped type, e.g:

#include <boost/smart_ptr/shared_ptr.hpp>
#include <boost/thread/mutex.hpp>
#include <map>

struct MyMutexWrapper {
    MyMutexWrapper() : ptr(new boost::mutex()) {}
    void lock() { ptr->lock(); }
    void unlock() { ptr->unlock(); }
    boost::shared_ptr<boost::mutex> ptr;
};

int main() {
    int const index = 42;
    std::map<int, MyMutexWrapper> pm;
    pm[index].lock();
}

PS: C++11 removed the requirement for the mapped type to be copy-constructible.

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