Donbeo Donbeo -4 years ago 363
R Question

ggplot replace count with percentage in geom_bar

I have a dataframe

d
:

> head(d,20)
groupchange Symscore3
1 4 1
2 4 2
3 4 1
4 4 2
5 5 0
6 5 0
7 5 0
8 4 0
9 2 2
10 5 0
11 5 0
12 5 1
13 5 0
14 4 1
15 5 1
16 1 0
17 4 0
18 1 1
19 5 0
20 4 0


That I am plotting with:

ggplot(d, aes(groupchange, y=..count../sum(..count..), fill=Symscore3)) +
geom_bar(position = "dodge")


In this way each bar represents its percentage on the whole data.

Instead I would like that each bar represents a relative percentage; i.e. the sum of the bar in obtained with
groupchange = k
should be
1
.

Answer Source

First summarise and transform your data:

library(dplyr)
d2 <- d %>% 
  group_by(groupchange,Symscore3) %>% 
  summarise(count=n()) %>% 
  mutate(perc=count/sum(count))

Then you can plot it:

ggplot(d2, aes(x = factor(groupchange), y = perc*100, fill = factor(Symscore3))) +
  geom_bar(stat="identity", width = 0.7) +
  labs(x = "Groupchange", y = "percent", fill = "Symscore") +
  theme_minimal(base_size = 14)

this gives:

enter image description here


Alternatively, you can use the percent function from the scales package:

brks <- c(0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1)

ggplot(d2, aes(x = factor(groupchange), y = perc, fill = factor(Symscore3))) +
  geom_bar(stat="identity", width = 0.7) +
  scale_y_continuous(breaks = brks, labels = scales::percent(brks)) +
  labs(x = "Groupchange", y = NULL, fill = "Symscore") +
  theme_minimal(base_size = 14)

which gives:

enter image description here

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