Boris Boris - 1 year ago 78
Python Question

Django: Best way to implement "status" field in modules

I have a field in my module that is used to hold the status of the object.
So far I have used:

ORDER_STATUS = ((0, 'Started'), (1, 'Done'), (2, 'Error'))
status = models.SmallIntegerField(choices=ORDER_STATUS)

Its easy to convert one way:

def status_str(self): return ORDER_STATUS[self.status][1]

The problem is when updating. I find myself having code like this:

order.status = 2 # Error Status

Which is quite awful and gets really hard to synchronize. I guess a solution would be something similar to C's enum{}. Or perhaps there is a whole different way to tackle this problem ?


Answer Source

Maybe this question helps you: Set Django IntegerField by choices=… name.
I quote from the accepted answer (with adjustments ;)):
Put this into your class (STATUS_CHOICES will be the list that is handed to the choices option of the field):

DONE = 1
    (PENDING, 'Pending'),
    (DONE, 'Done'),

Then you can do order.status = Order.DONE.

Note that you don't have to implement an own method to retrieve the (readable) value, Django provides the method get_status_display itself.

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