fugu fugu - 1 year ago 65
Perl Question

Perl's __DATA__ equivalent in python

When writing code in perl I often read data in from the filehandle

at the end of the script:

while (<DATA>) {

I find this quicker for testing code etc than reading in a file, as it means I can edit its contents on the fly.

From the doc:

token tells the perl compiler that the perl code for
compilation is finished.

Everything after the
token is available for reading via the
, where
is the name of the current
package when the
token is reached.

Is there an equivalent in python?

Answer Source

No, there is no direct equivalent in Python. Put your data in a multi-line variable:

DATA = '''\

You can then use DATA.splitlines() if you must have access to separate lines. You can put this at the end of your Python file provided you only use the name DATA in a function that is not called until after the whole module has loaded.

Alternatively, open the current module and read from that:

with open(__file__.rstrip('co')) as data:
    for line in data:
        while line != '# __DATA__\n':
        # do something with the rest of the 'data' in the current source file.

# ...

# __DATA__
# This is going to be read later on.

However the rest of the module must still at least be valid Python syntax; the Python parser can't be told to stop parsing beyond a given point.

Generally speaking, in Python you'd just put the data file next to your source files and read that. You can use the __file__ variable to produce a path the 'current directory' and thus to any other files in the same location:

import os.path

current_dir = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))
with open(os.path.join(current_dir, 'data.txt')) as data:
    # read from data.txt
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