klandshome klandshome - 1 year ago 69
Python Question

Python super() inheritance and needed arguments


class Parent(object):

def altered(self):
print "PARENT altered()"

class Child(Parent):

def altered(self):
print "CHILD, BEFORE PARENT altered()"
super(Child, self).altered() # what are the arguments needed? Why Child and self?
print "CHILD, AFTER PARENT altered()"

In Python 2.7, Why must
be passed as an argument to the
call? What are the exact intricacies of using super instead of just letting it work.

lvc lvc
Answer Source

super figures out which is the next class in the Method Resolution Order. The two arguments you pass in are what lets it figure that out - self gives it the entire MRO via an attribute; the current class tells it where you are along the MRO right now. So what super is actually doing is basically:

def super(cls, inst):
    mro = inst.__class__.mro() # Always the most derived class
    return mro[mro.index(cls) + 1]

The reason it is the current class rather than the base class is because the entire point of having super is to have a function that works out what that base class is rather than having to refer to it explicitly - which can cause problems if the base class' name changes, if you don't know exactly what the parent class is called (think of factory functions like namedtuple that spit out a new class), and especially in multi-inheritance situations (where the next class in the MRO mightn't be one of the current class' bases).