bquenin bquenin - 3 months ago 42
C++ Question

Is it possible to determine the number of elements of a c++ enum class?

Is it possible to determine the cardinality of a c++

enum class
:

enum class Example { A, B, C, D, E };


I tried to use
sizeof
, however, it returns the size of an enum element.

sizeof(Example); // Returns 4 (on my architecture)


Is there a standard way to get the cardinality (5 in my example) ?

Answer

Not directly, but you could use the following trick:

enum class Example { A, B, C, D, E, Count };

Then the cardinality is available as (int)Example::Count.

Of course, this only works nicely if you let values of the enum be automatically assigned, starting from 0. If that's not the case, you can manually assign the correct cardinality to Count, which is really no different from having to maintain a separate constant anyway:

enum class Example { A = 1, B = 2, C = 4, D = 8, E = 16, Count = 5 };

The one disadvantage is that the compiler will allow you to use Example::Count as an argument for an enum value -- so be careful if you use this! (I personally find this not to be a problem in practice, though.)