sowrdking sowrdking - 3 months ago 49
C Question

how to detect Linux shutdown/reboot

I'm trying to detect shut down or reboot from Linux in my c program.
I found that program can use signal(SIGTERM, handler) (SIGKILL, handler).
But these two will trigger if user kill the process with command, too.

At some solutions, they said can use runlevel but it won't work.
Don't know if the process is kill before the system init the runlevel.
I even try to put script in rcx.d, but it still won't work.

Does anyone has some advise?
I need to run on many kinds of Linux system.


I use R solution, but I still don't see my data were clear at reboot or shutdown.
Is it my function is wrong??

int start() {
if (initIni() == EXIT_FAILURE)
struct sigaction act;
memset(&act, '\0', sizeof(act));
act.sa_sigaction = &signal_callback_handler;
act.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
sigaction(SIGTERM, &act, NULL);

void signal_callback_handler(int signum, siginfo_t *siginfo, void *context) {
if (signum == SIGTERM && (long)siginfo->si_pid == 1) {

Finally, I use David Schwartz runlevel(8) example to solve my problem.
It won't be useful if you use linux command runlevel.
Thanks for the great solution.


Catch SIGTERM. In the handler, read the /var/run/utmp file to get the runlevel. See the source code of the runlevel(8) command for reference.