Csupor Jenő Csupor Jenő - 3 years ago 96
C# Question

How can I make a WPF combo box have the width of its widest element in XAML?

I know how to do it in code, but can this be done in XAML ?

Window1.xaml:

<Window x:Class="WpfApplication1.Window1"
xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
Title="Window1" Height="300" Width="300">
<Grid>
<ComboBox Name="ComboBox1" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top">
<ComboBoxItem>ComboBoxItem1</ComboBoxItem>
<ComboBoxItem>ComboBoxItem2</ComboBoxItem>
</ComboBox>
</Grid>
</Window>


Window1.xaml.cs:

using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;

namespace WpfApplication1
{
public partial class Window1 : Window
{
public Window1()
{
InitializeComponent();
double width = 0;
foreach (ComboBoxItem item in ComboBox1.Items)
{
item.Measure(new Size(
double.PositiveInfinity, double.PositiveInfinity));
if (item.DesiredSize.Width > width)
width = item.DesiredSize.Width;
}
ComboBox1.Measure(new Size(
double.PositiveInfinity, double.PositiveInfinity));
ComboBox1.Width = ComboBox1.DesiredSize.Width + width;
}
}
}

Answer Source

This can't be in XAML without either:

  • Creating a hidden control (Alan Hunford's answer)
  • Changing the ControlTemplate drastically. Even in this case, a hidden version of an ItemsPresenter may need to be created.

The reason for this is that the default ComboBox ControlTemplates that I've come across (Aero, Luna, etc.) all nest the ItemsPresenter in a Popup. This means that the layout of these items is deferred until they are actually made visible.

An easy way to test this is to modify the default ControlTemplate to bind the MinWidth of the outermost container (it's a Grid for both Aero and Luna) to the ActualWidth of PART_Popup. You'll be able to have the ComboBox automatically synchronize it's width when you click the drop button, but not before.

So unless you can force a Measure operation in the layout system (which you can do by adding a second control), I don't think it can be done.

As always, I'm open to an short, elegant solution -- but in this case a code-behind or dual-control/ControlTemplate hacks are the only solutions I have seen.

Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download