sepiroth sepiroth - 1 year ago 106
Java Question

Correct way to initialize HashMap and can HashMap hold different value types?

So I have two questions about

s in Java:

  1. What is the correct way to initialize a
    ? I think it might be best in my situation to use:

    HashMap x = new HashMap();

    But Eclipse keeps suggesting that I use:

    HashMap<something, something> map = new HashMap();

    Which is better?

  2. Can a
    hold different types of objects/data types as values? For example, would this work and be OK:

    map.put("one", 1);
    map.put("two", {1, 2});
    map.put("three", "hello");

    In the first
    , I want an
    as a value, in the second an
    , and third a string. Is this okay to do in Java with
    s? Also, is it okay to store a
    as a value within a

Answer Source

It really depends on what kind of type safety you need. The non-generic way of doing it is best done as:

 Map x = new HashMap();

Note that x is typed as a Map. this makes it much easier to change implementations (to a TreeMap or a LinkedHashMap) in the future.

You can use generics to ensure a certain level of type safety:

Map<String, Object> x = new HashMap<String, Object>();

In Java 7 and later you can do

Map<String, Object> x = new HashMap<>();

The above, while more verbose, avoids compiler warnings. In this case the content of the HashMap can be any Object, so that can be Integer, int[], etc. which is what you are doing.

If you are still using Java 6, Guava Libraries (although it is easy enough to do yourself) has a method called newHashMap() which avoids the need to duplicate the generic typing information when you do a new. It infers the type from the variable declaration (this is a Java feature not available on constructors prior to Java 7).

By the way, when you add an int or other primitive, Java is autoboxing it. That means that the code is equivalent to:

 x.put("one", Integer.valueOf(1));

You can certainly put a HashMap as a value in another HashMap, but I think there are issues if you do it recursively (that is put the HashMap as a value in itself).

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