Bugs Happen Bugs Happen - 17 days ago 6
C# Question

swapping two key/value pairs in Dictionary of C#

here is what I want to do.

there is a Dictionary having 54 key/value objects. I want the key/value pair at index i to be swapped with the key/value pair at index j...

int i=1; int j=3;
Dictionary<String, int> theDeck = new Dictionary<String, int>();
theDeck.Add("zero", 0);
theDeck.Add("one", 1);
theDeck.Add("two", 2);
theDeck.Add("three", 3);
KeyValuePair<String, int> p1 = theDeck.ElementAt(i);
KeyValuePair<String, int> p2 = theDeck.ElementAt(j);
theDeck.ElementAt(i) = p2; //THIS LINE DOES NOT WORK. WHAT IS ITS ALTERNATIVE
theDeck.ElementAt(j) = p1; //THIS LINE DOES NOT WORK. WHAT IS ITS ALTERNATIVE

Answer

Dictionary<,> instances don't have "indexes" - you shouldn't treat them as ordered at all. Any order you may happen to notice when iterating over entries should be seen as an implementation detail.

If you want a specific order, there are various different types you could use, depending on your requirements. For example, to sort based on the key you'd use SortedDictionary<,> or SortedList<,>. For arbitrary ordering, consider OrderedDictionary (which is unfortunately non-generic).

Do you definitely need a dictionary at all? Could you just use a List<KeyValuePair<string, int>> or perhaps a List<Card> where Card is a custom type? (I'm guessing at your use case - Card could be any type which represents everything in your entry.)

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