user1172117 user1172117 - 1 year ago 117
SQL Question

Create table but Drop it if the table exists already

I am working on a request where I have to create a table to insert some data. So, obviously I will have first have a delete table st. before the create st. but when I am running this for the first time(before the table can be created) it will pop up an error saying table not created and then creates table and goe son from here. So every time any one runs my code for the first time it will pop up this error at drop table st. Does any one have any better idea??

Some thing like " if table exists then drop else create table"

I am not sure how are we going to do this in sql

Drop table table_name;--------------> here it throws an error for the first time saying table does not exist.

Create table table_name

{ so on };

By the way I am working on Teradata but a simple sql logic would help.

Answer Source

You can create a stored procedure owned by SYSDBA or other admin level user with adequate DROP TABLE and CREATE TABLE privileges that does the following:

  1. Check DBC.Tables to see if object exists.
  2. If object exists, drop it.
  3. Run the DDL to recreate the table: CREATE TABLE <TargetDB>.<TargetTable> AS <SourceDB>.<SourceTable> WITH DATA AND STATS;

You can make it more dynamic by accepting additional parameters on whether the data and/or stats should be copied to the new table.

If you are using BTEQ, you can do something similar (BTEQ command syntax may be a little off but close enough to get the point across):

WHERE DatabaseName = '<TargetDB>'
  AND TableName = '<TargetTable>'
  AND TableKind = 'T' /* Make sure it is in fact a table, not a view, macro etc */


DROP TABLE <TargetDB>.<TargetTable>;

.IF ERRORCODE = 3807 THEN GOTO CreateNewTable; /* Table dropped by another process? */
.IF ERRORCODE > 0 THEN .QUIT ERRORCODE; /* Unexpected error */

.LABEL CreateNewTable;

CREATE <TargetDB>.<TargetTable> AS <SourceDB>.<SourceTable> WITH DATA AND STATISTICS;