Johan Johan -4 years ago 150
Java Question

Group received messages in RabbitMQ, preferably using Spring AMQP?

I'm receiving messages from a service (S) that publishes each individual property change to an entity as a separate message. A contrived example would be an entity like this:

Person {
id: 123
name: "Something",
address: {...}
}


If name and address are updated in the same transaction then (S) will publish two messages,
PersonNameCorrected
and
PersonMoved
. The problem is on the receiving side where I'm storing a projection of this
Person
entity and each property change causes a write to the database. So in this example there would be two writes to the database but if I could batch messages for a short period of time and group them by id then I would only have to make a single write to the database.

How does one typically handle this in RabbitMQ? Does Spring AMQP provide an easier abstraction?

Note that I have looked briefly at prefetch but I'm not sure if this is the way to go. Also prefetch, if I understand it correctly, is per connection basis. I'm trying to achieve this on a per-queue basis, because if batching (and thus added latency) is the way to go I wouldn't like to add this latency to ALL queues consumed by my service (but only to those that need the "group-by-id" features).

Answer Source

Prefetch won't help for a case like this.

Consider using Spring Integration which has adapters that sit on top of Spring AMQP; it also provides an aggregrator which can be used to group messages together before sending them on to the next stage in the pipeline.

EDIT

Here's a quick boot app to demostrate...

@SpringBootApplication
public class So42969130Application implements CommandLineRunner {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(So42969130Application.class, args)
            .close();
    }

    @Autowired
    private RabbitTemplate template;

    @Autowired
    private Handler handler;

    @Override
    public void run(String... args) throws Exception {
        this.template.convertAndSend("so9130", new PersonNameChanged(123));
        this.template.convertAndSend("so9130", new PersonMoved(123));
        this.handler.latch.await(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    }

    @Bean
    public IntegrationFlow flow(ConnectionFactory connectionFactory) {
        return IntegrationFlows.from(Amqp.inboundAdapter(connectionFactory, "so9130")
                        .messageConverter(converter()))
                .aggregate(a -> a
                        .correlationExpression("payload.id")
                        .releaseExpression("false") // open-ended release, timeout only
                        .sendPartialResultOnExpiry(true)
                        .groupTimeout(2000))
                .handle(handler())
                .get();
    }

    @Bean
    public Jackson2JsonMessageConverter converter() {
        return new Jackson2JsonMessageConverter();
    }

    @Bean
    public Handler handler() {
        return new Handler();
    }

    @Bean
    public Queue queue() {
        return new Queue("so9130", false, false, true);
    }

    public static class Handler {

        private final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);

        @ServiceActivator
        public void handle(Collection<?> aggregatedData) {
            System.out.println(aggregatedData);
            this.latch.countDown();
        }

    }

    public static class PersonNameChanged {

        private int id;

        PersonNameChanged() {
        }

        PersonNameChanged(int id) {
            this.id = id;
        }

        public int getId() {
            return this.id;
        }

        public void setId(int id) {
            this.id = id;
        }

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            return "PersonNameChanged [id=" + this.id + "]";
        }

    }

    public static class PersonMoved {

        private int id;

        PersonMoved() {
        }

        PersonMoved(int id) {
            this.id = id;
        }

        public int getId() {
            return this.id;
        }

        public void setId(int id) {
            this.id = id;
        }

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            return "PersonMoved [id=" + this.id + "]";
        }

    }

}

Pom:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.example</groupId>
    <artifactId>so42969130</artifactId>
    <version>2.0.0-BUILD-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>so42969130</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.2.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-integration</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.integration</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-integration-amqp</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.integration</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-integration-java-dsl</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>


</project>

Result:

2017-03-23 09:56:57.501  INFO 75217 --- [ask-scheduler-2] .s.i.a.AbstractCorrelatingMessageHandler : 
    Expiring MessageGroup with correlationKey[123]
[PersonNameChanged [id=123], PersonMoved [id=123]]
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