Shaik Mujahid Ali Shaik Mujahid Ali - 5 months ago 28
Java Question

Auto increment sequence in mongodb using java

Hi I want to auto increment

_id
in mongodb using java. I am completely new to this. In the document I found the solution like this:

db.counters.insert(
{
_id: "userid",
seq: 0
}
)


function getNextSequence(name) {
var ret = db.counters.findAndModify(
{
query: { _id: name },
update: { $inc: { seq: 1 } },
new: true
}
);
return ret.seq;
}

db.users.insert(
{
_id: getNextSequence("userid"),
name: "Sarah C."
}
)


Can any one suggest how do I do this using java ? I am completely new to this.

Answer

Using Create an Auto-Incrementing Sequence Field first you should create collection using mongoDB shell and collection should be as :

db.counters.insert(
{
  _id: "userid",
  seq: 0
})

So you get counters collections which contains field like _id,seq, now create getNextSequence function in java and this function having parameter userid as string so getNextSequence function like this :

public static Object getNextSequence(String name) throws Exception{
    MongoClient mongoClient = new MongoClient( "localhost" , 27017 );
    // Now connect to your databases
    DB db = mongoClient.getDB("demo");
    DBCollection collection = db.getCollection("counters");
    BasicDBObject find = new BasicDBObject();
    find.put("_id", name);
    BasicDBObject update = new BasicDBObject();
    update.put("$inc", new BasicDBObject("seq", 1));
    DBObject obj =  collection.findAndModify(find, update);
    return obj.get("seq");

}

The above function return seq count and used this function in main method as like :

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

    MongoClient mongoClient = new MongoClient( "localhost" , 27017 );
    // Now connect to your databases
    DB db = mongoClient.getDB("demo");
    DBCollection collection = db.getCollection("counters");
    BasicDBObject document = new BasicDBObject();

    document.put("_id", getNextSequence("userid"));
    document.put("name","Sarah C.");
    collection.insert(document); // insert first doc

    document.put("_id", getNextSequence("userid"));
    document.put("name", "Bob D.");
    collection.insert(document); // insert second doc
}

Now in counters collection contains three documents which contains name as Sarah C. and Bob D. respectively and one default documents which we inserted manually at first time and it increment seq like this { "_id" : "userid", "seq" : 2 }

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