Richard Hsia Richard Hsia - 1 year ago 232
Python Question

Gaussian fit for Python

I'm trying to fit a Gaussian for my data (which is already a rough gaussian). I've already taken the advice of those here and tried

curve_fit
and
leastsq
but I think that I'm missing something more fundamental (in that I have no idea how to use the command).
Here's a look at the script I have so far

import pylab as plb
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Read in data -- first 2 rows are header in this example.
data = plb.loadtxt('part 2.csv', skiprows=2, delimiter=',')

x = data[:,2]
y = data[:,3]
mean = sum(x*y)
sigma = sum(y*(x - mean)**2)

def gauss_function(x, a, x0, sigma):
return a*np.exp(-(x-x0)**2/(2*sigma**2))
popt, pcov = curve_fit(gauss_function, x, y, p0 = [1, mean, sigma])
plt.plot(x, gauss_function(x, *popt), label='fit')

# plot data

plt.plot(x, y,'b')

# Add some axis labels

plt.legend()
plt.title('Fig. 3 - Fit for Time Constant')
plt.xlabel('Time (s)')
plt.ylabel('Voltage (V)')
plt.show()


What I get from this is a gaussian-ish shape which is my original data, and a straight horizontal line.

enter image description here

Also, I'd like to plot my graph using points, instead of having them connected.
Any input is appreciated!

Answer Source

Here is corrected code:

import pylab as plb
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from scipy.optimize import curve_fit
from scipy import asarray as ar,exp

x = ar(range(10))
y = ar([0,1,2,3,4,5,4,3,2,1])

n = len(x)                          #the number of data
mean = sum(x*y)/n                   #note this correction
sigma = sum(y*(x-mean)**2)/n        #note this correction

def gaus(x,a,x0,sigma):
    return a*exp(-(x-x0)**2/(2*sigma**2))

popt,pcov = curve_fit(gaus,x,y,p0=[1,mean,sigma])

plt.plot(x,y,'b+:',label='data')
plt.plot(x,gaus(x,*popt),'ro:',label='fit')
plt.legend()
plt.title('Fig. 3 - Fit for Time Constant')
plt.xlabel('Time (s)')
plt.ylabel('Voltage (V)')
plt.show()

result:
enter image description here