beardc beardc - 7 months ago 9
Python Question

Apply multiple functions to multiple groupby columns

The docs show how to apply multiple functions on a groupby object at a time using a dict with the output column names as the keys:

In [563]: grouped['D'].agg({'result1' : np.sum,
.....: 'result2' : np.mean})
.....:
Out[563]:
result2 result1
A
bar -0.579846 -1.739537
foo -0.280588 -1.402938


However, this only works on a Series groupby object. And when a dict is similarly passed to a groupby DataFrame, it expects the keys to be the column names that the function will be applied to.

What I want to do is apply multiple functions to several columns (but certain columns will be operated on multiple times). Also, some functions will depend on other columns in the groupby object (like sumif functions). My current solution is to go column by column, and doing something like the code above, using lambdas for functions that depend on other rows. But this is taking a long time, (I think it takes a long time to iterate through a groupby object). I'll have to change it so that I iterate through the whole groupby object in a single run, but I'm wondering if there's a built in way in pandas to do this somewhat cleanly.

For example, I've tried something like

grouped.agg({'C_sum' : lambda x: x['C'].sum(),
'C_std': lambda x: x['C'].std(),
'D_sum' : lambda x: x['D'].sum()},
'D_sumifC3': lambda x: x['D'][x['C'] == 3].sum(), ...)


but as expected I get a KeyError (since the keys have to be a column if
agg
is called from a DataFrame).

Is there any built in way to do what I'd like to do, or a possibility that this functionality may be added, or will I just need to iterate through the groupby manually?

Thanks

Answer

For the first part you can pass a dict of column names for keys and a list of functions for the values:

In [28]: df
Out[28]:
          A         B         C         D         E  GRP
0  0.395670  0.219560  0.600644  0.613445  0.242893    0
1  0.323911  0.464584  0.107215  0.204072  0.927325    0
2  0.321358  0.076037  0.166946  0.439661  0.914612    1
3  0.133466  0.447946  0.014815  0.130781  0.268290    1

In [26]: f = {'A':['sum','mean'], 'B':['prod']}

In [27]: df.groupby('GRP').agg(f)
Out[27]:
            A                   B
          sum      mean      prod
GRP
0    0.719580  0.359790  0.102004
1    0.454824  0.227412  0.034060

UPDATE 1:

Because the aggregate function works on Series, references to the other column names are lost. To get around this, you can reference the full dataframe and index it using the group indices within the lambda function.

Here's a hacky workaround:

In [67]: f = {'A':['sum','mean'], 'B':['prod'], 'D': lambda g: df.ix[g.index].E.sum()}

In [69]: df.groupby('GRP').agg(f)
Out[69]:
            A                   B         D
          sum      mean      prod  <lambda>
GRP
0    0.719580  0.359790  0.102004  1.170219
1    0.454824  0.227412  0.034060  1.182901

Here, the resultant 'D' column is made up of the summed 'E' values.

UPDATE 2:

Here's a method that I think will do everything you ask. First make a custom lambda function. Below, g references the group. When aggregating, g will be a Series. Passing g.index to df.ix[] selects the current group from df. I then test if column C is less than 0.5. The returned boolean series is passed to g[] which selects only those rows meeting the criteria.

In [95]: cust = lambda g: g[df.ix[g.index]['C'] < 0.5].sum()

In [96]: f = {'A':['sum','mean'], 'B':['prod'], 'D': {'my name': cust}}

In [97]: df.groupby('GRP').agg(f)
Out[97]:
            A                   B         D
          sum      mean      prod   my name
GRP
0    0.719580  0.359790  0.102004  0.204072
1    0.454824  0.227412  0.034060  0.570441
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