I'm trying to extract prepositional phrases from sentences using NLTK. Is there a way for me to do this automatically (e.g. feed a function a sentence and get back its prepositional phrases)?
The examples here seem to require that you start with a grammar before you can get a parse tree. Can I automatically get the grammar and use that to get the parse tree?
Obviously I could tag a sentence, pick out prepositions and the subsequent noun, but this is complicated when the prepositional complement is compound.
What you really is want is to fully parse your sentence with a robust statistical parser (e.g. like Stanford), and then look for constituents marked with PP:
(ROOT (S (NP (NNP John)) (VP (VBZ lives) (PP (IN in) (NP (DT a) (NN house))) (PP (IN by) (NP (DT the) (NN sea))))))
I am not sure about the parsing abilities of NLTK and how accurate is the parsing if this feature exists, but it's not much of a problem to call an external parser from Python and then process the output. Using a parser will save you much time and effort (since the parser takes care of everything), and is the only reliable way to do this job.