Josh Kelley Josh Kelley - 2 months ago 20
Javascript Question

How do I handle JavaScript Fetch errors?

If a fetch call fails in Chrome, then the only error details that I get back is


TypeError: Failed to fetch


How do I display an informative error message to the end user in this case?

Specifically:

Is it possible to get any details about why fetch failed?

For example, if the server crashed, Chrome DevTools might log a console message of net:ERR_EMPTY_RESPONSE, but there appears to be no way to access this from JavaScript.

As far as I can tell, the answer is no; I assume this is for security reasons, to avoid letting malicious JS find out which sites are and aren't accessible by inspecting error messages.

Is it possible to distinguish fetch errors from other
TypeError
s?


If I can't get error details, I'd like to at least replace the horribly vague "Failed to fetch" with an informative "Failed to access the web site; please try again later" message, and I'd like to do this without any risk of displaying that message for other
TypeError
s.

The only solution I've found here is to check the actual
message
to see if it's
"Failed to fetch"
. This is obviously browser-specific; it works in Chrome, it seems like it will work in any user language of Chrome, and other browsers would need their own testing and handling.

Answer

It seems likely that there aren't any more details for networking/permission/input problems.

Is it possible to distinguish fetch errors from other TypeErrors?

Yes, you just need to catch only the the errors from the fetch call:

fetch(…)
.catch(err => new FetchError(err))
.…

class FetchError extends Error {
    constructor(orig) {
        super();
        this.message = "fetch error";
        this.details = orig;
    }
}