ollien ollien - 3 months ago 23
Python Question

Key Listeners in python?

Is there a way to do key listeners in python without a huge bloated module such as pygame?

An example would be, when I pressed the 'a' key it would print to the console 'The a key was pressed!'

Edit: this was intended so it could listen for the arrow keys/spacebar/shift key, sorry for the vagueness

Much Appreciated!

Answer

It's unfortunately not so easy to do that. If you're trying to make some sort of text user interface, you may want to look into curses. If you want to display things like you normally would in a terminal, but want input like that, then you'll have to work with termios, which unfortunately appears to be poorly documented in Python. Neither of these options are that simple, though, unfortunately. Additionally, they do not work under Windows; if you need them to work under Windows, you'll have to use PDCurses as a replacement for curses or pywin32 rather than termios.


I was able to get this working decently. It prints out the hexadecimal representation of keys you type. As I said in the comments of your question, arrows are tricky; I think you'll agree.

#!/usr/bin/env python
import sys
import termios
import contextlib


@contextlib.contextmanager
def raw_mode(file):
    old_attrs = termios.tcgetattr(file.fileno())
    new_attrs = old_attrs[:]
    new_attrs[3] = new_attrs[3] & ~(termios.ECHO | termios.ICANON)
    try:
        termios.tcsetattr(file.fileno(), termios.TCSADRAIN, new_attrs)
        yield
    finally:
        termios.tcsetattr(file.fileno(), termios.TCSADRAIN, old_attrs)


def main():
    print 'exit with ^C or ^D'
    with raw_mode(sys.stdin):
        try:
            while True:
                ch = sys.stdin.read(1)
                if not ch or ch == chr(4):
                    break
                print '%02x' % ord(ch),
        except (KeyboardInterrupt, EOFError):
            pass


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
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