Alex Alex - 3 days ago 5
PHP Question

PHP - define constant inside a class

How can I define a constant inside a class, and make it so it's visible only when called in a class context?

....something like

Foo::app()->MYCONSTANT;


(and if called like
MYCONSTANT
to be ignored)

Answer

See Class Constants:

class MyClass
{
    const MYCONSTANT = 'constant value';

    function showConstant() {
        echo  self::MYCONSTANT. "\n";
    }
}

echo MyClass::MYCONSTANT. "\n";

$classname = "MyClass";
echo $classname::MYCONSTANT. "\n"; // As of PHP 5.3.0

$class = new MyClass();
$class->showConstant();

echo $class::MYCONSTANT."\n"; // As of PHP 5.3.0

In this case echoing MYCONSTANT by itself would raise a notice about an undefined constant and output the constant name converted to a string: "MYCONSTANT".


EDIT - Perhaps what you're looking for is this static properties / variables:

class MyClass
{
    private static $staticVariable = null;

    public static function showStaticVariable($value = null)
    {
        if ((is_null(self::$staticVariable) === true) && (isset($value) === true))
        {
            self::$staticVariable = $value;
        }

        return self::$staticVariable;
    }
}

MyClass::showStaticVariable(); // null
MyClass::showStaticVariable('constant value'); // "constant value"
MyClass::showStaticVariable('other constant value?'); // "constant value"
MyClass::showStaticVariable(); // "constant value"
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