relyMATE - 1 month ago 22

C Question

Given the following definition of linked-list

`typedef struct elemento {`

int inf;

struct elemento *next;

} lista;

I'm trying to create a function

lista *SeekAndDestroy(lista *p, int k);

that, given a list *p and a positive integer k, which searches on the list, the first sequence of consecutive elements whose sum is exactly k and eliminate such elements from the list.

My try:

`lista *SeekAndDestroy(lista *p, int k) {`

lista *a, *nuovo;

int x = 0;

a = (lista *)malloc(sizeof(lista));

a->inf = p->inf;

nuovo = a;

p = p->next;

while (p != NULL) {

if (p->next != NULL) {

if ((p->inf + p->next->inf) == k) {

if (x != 1) {

p = p->next->next;

x = 1;

continue;

}

}

}

nuovo->next = (lista *)malloc(sizeof(lista));

nuovo = nuovo->next;

nuovo->inf = p->inf;

p = p->next;

}

nuovo->next = NULL;

return a;

}

This my solution has two main problems:

1) erases a maximum of two consecutive elements and not more

2) if the items to be deleted are the first two, the function does not work

How can i solve this problem? Thanks

Answer

Here's a function I wrote to tackle the two problems faced by you and any other boundary conditions:

```
list* Seek_Destroy(list* head, int target){
if(head == NULL)
return NULL;
list* temp = head;
bool find_complete = false;
list *prev = temp;
//Loop for iterating until list is complete or target sum is found.
while( !find_complete){
//Create a pointer for loop calculations
list* sum_loop = temp;
//Initialize sum to 0
int sum =0;
//Loop for checking whether the sum is equal to the target
while(sum <= target && sum_loop->next!= NULL){
//Keep adding the sum
sum += sum_loop->inf;
if(sum == target){
//Set the flag for exiting outer loop
find_complete = true;
//Test whether head of the list is included in the sum
if (temp == head){
//Make head point to the struct after the last element included in the sum loop
head = sum_loop->next;
//Delete and free memory
while(temp!= sum_loop){
list* del = temp;
temp = temp->next;
free(del);
}
}else {
//Set the next pointer of previous element of the list to point after the last element included in the sum loop
prev->next= sum_loop->next;
//Delete and free memory
while(temp!= sum_loop){
list* del = temp;
temp = temp->next;
free(del);
}
}
break;
}
//Increment the pointer for the sum calculation
sum_loop = sum_loop->next;
}
prev = temp;
//Make temp point to next element in the list
temp = temp->next;
//IF entire list is traversed set the flag to true
if (temp ==NULL){
find_complete = true;
}
}
return head;
}
```