Megha Verma Megha Verma - 1 month ago 16
Java Question

Hello guys...I am trying to swap between panels in java swing but i am getting this error

I am trying to add buttons over the images in the panels...n also m trying to switch between the panels....although the program is running but when i am clicking the "instructions" button...it gives a huge list of errors in the cmd...what is the issue??

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.border.*;
import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
public class htw10 extends JFrame
{
final JFrame f=new JFrame("Hunt The Wumpus");
private static final String FIRST_PANEL="first panel";
private static final String SECOND_PANEL="second panel";
private CardLayout cardLayout=new CardLayout();
private JPanel content;

public void start()
{

// Create a new panel, make 'content' refer to it
content = new JPanel();

// Set the content pane of the window to the panel we just created
f.setContentPane(content);

// Create a button group and some buttons


// Set the layout of the content panel and add buttons
content.setLayout(new FlowLayout());

// Create and add the intro panel and instruction panel to the content panel
content.add(introPanel(),FIRST_PANEL);
content.add(instructionPanel(),SECOND_PANEL);

f.setSize(750,500);
f.setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
f.setVisible(true);


}


private JPanel instructionPanel()
{
JPanel secondPanel=new JPanel();
ImageIcon icon=new ImageIcon("img2.jpg");
JLabel pic2 = new JLabel(icon);
secondPanel.add(pic2);
JButton b1=new JButton("Back");
content.add(b1);
b1.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
cardLayout.show(content,FIRST_PANEL);
}
});
secondPanel.repaint();
return secondPanel;
}
public JPanel introPanel()
{
JPanel iPanel=new JPanel();
ImageIcon icon=new ImageIcon("img1.jpg");
JLabel picLabel = new JLabel(icon);
iPanel.add(picLabel);

ButtonGroup group=new ButtonGroup();
JButton b1=new JButton("Instructions");
JButton b2=new JButton("Play");
JButton b3=new JButton("Exit");
picLabel.add(b1);
//f.getContentPane().add(picLabel,BorderLayout.SOUTH);
content.add(b1);
content.add(b2);
content.add(b3);
// Add a listener to the 'Instructions' button
// so that the cardLayout is shown when the button is clicked
b1.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
cardLayout.show(content,SECOND_PANEL);
}
});
iPanel.repaint();
return iPanel;
}
public static void main(String args[])throws Exception
{
htw10 obj=new htw10();
obj.start();
}

}

Answer

In line 14, you are declaring a member variable content, but you are not initializing it. Member variables will be automatically initialized to null if you do not initialize them yourself:

private JPanel content;   // is automatically set to null

In line 25 you are calling the method setLayout on content:

content.setLayout(new FlowLayout());

This will cause a NullPointerException because content is null.

To learn more about what a NullPointerException is and why it happens, see: What is a NullPointerException, and how do I fix it?

You need to set content to something. It appears that this is supposed to refer to the content pane. Furthermore, you are calling the introPanel() method multiple times, causing multiple instances of this panel to be created. That is not what you want. That panel should be created only once, and then you should use that one. Don't call introPanel() multiple times. Your start() method should look something like this:

public void start()
{
    // Create a new panel, make 'content'  refer to it
    content = new JPanel();

    // Set the content pane of the window to the panel we just created
    f.setContentPane(content);

    // Create a button group and some buttons
    ButtonGroup group=new ButtonGroup();
    JButton b1=new JButton("Instructions");
    JButton b2=new JButton("Play");
    JButton b3=new JButton("Exit");

    // Set the layout of the content panel and add buttons
    content.setLayout(new FlowLayout());
    content.add(b1);
    content.add(b2);
    content.add(b3);

    // Create and add the intro panel and instruction panel to the content panel
    content.add(introPanel(),FIRST_PANEL);
    content.add(instructionPanel(),SECOND_PANEL);

    f.setSize(750,360);
    f.setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
    f.setVisible(true);

    // Add a listener to the 'Instructions' button
    // so that the cardLayout is shown when the button is clicked
    b1.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
            cardLayout.show(content,SECOND_PANEL);
        }
    }); 
}
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