jia - 1 year ago 82
Python Question

# Recursively checking for balanced string in Python

I've been stuck on this for quite a while, I can't come up with recursive cases, in particular I don't understand how to split a list to check if its balanced.
If someone could help me I would really appreciate it.

``````def balanced_str(s):
"""
Return whether string s is balanced or not. A balanced string is one where
the string contains no parentheses
>>> balanced_str('a')
True
>>> balanced_str('abbcsi')
True
>>> balanced_str('ak)')
False
>>> balanced_str('hah(dh')
False
>>> balanced_str('()')
True
>>> balanced_str('(hghghgh)')
True
>>> balanced_str('((a))')
True
>>> balanced_str('((hahsh))')
True
>>> balanced_str('(gfjf)h)')
False
>>> balanced_str('(hhg)(hfhg)')
True
"""
if '(' not in s and ')' not in s:
return True
elif '(' in s and ')' not in s or ')' in s and '(' not in s:
return False
else:
if s[0] == '(' and s[len(s) - 1] == ')':
return balanced_str(s[1:len(s) - 2])
``````

For a recursive approach, you can create a small helper function that takes more parameters (ie. the number of parens we've seen so far). Below this approach, you can see how you can do it without a helper function through the use of `global`

``````def balanced_str(s):
"""
Return whether string s is balanced or not. A balanced string is one where
the string contains no parentheses
>>> balanced_str('a')
True
>>> balanced_str('abbcsi')
True
>>> balanced_str('ak)')
False
>>> balanced_str('hah(dh')
False
>>> balanced_str('()')
True
>>> balanced_str('(hghghgh)')
True
>>> balanced_str('((a))')
True
>>> balanced_str('((hahsh))')
True
>>> balanced_str('(gfjf)h)')
False
>>> balanced_str('(hhg)(hfhg)')
True
"""
return helper(s,0)

def helper(s, numP):
if len(s)==0: return numP==0
if numP < 0: return False
if s[0] == "(": return  helper(s[1:], numP+1)
elif s[0] == ")": return  helper(s[1:], numP-1)
return helper(s[1:], numP)
``````

Without helper:

``````def balanced_str(s):
"""
Return whether string s is balanced or not. A balanced string is one where
the string contains no parentheses
>>> balanced_str('a')
True
>>> balanced_str('abbcsi')
True
>>> balanced_str('ak)')
False
>>> balanced_str('hah(dh')
False
>>> balanced_str('()')
True
>>> balanced_str('(hghghgh)')
True
>>> balanced_str('((a))')
True
>>> balanced_str('((hahsh))')
True
>>> balanced_str('(gfjf)h)')
False
>>> balanced_str('(hhg)(hfhg)')
True
"""
try:
numP
except NameError:
numP = 0
global numP
if len(s)==0: return numP==0
if numP < 0: return False
if s[0] == "(":
numP += 1
return balanced_str(s[1:])
elif s[0] == ")":
numP -= 1
return balanced_str(s[1:])
return balanced_str(s[1:])
``````
Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download