RooksStrife RooksStrife - 1 month ago 5
CSS Question

Is there a way to assign the same value to 2 css properties at once?

Using

CSS, LESS, or Sass
can you assign the same value to 2 css properties at once?

Just like:

.c1, c2 {sameValue}


But instead like this:

.c2 { background-color:, color: sameValue}

Answer

You can't do this with CSS.

The easiest way to do this is use a variable. Here's how you'd do that in LESS

@color: red;
.demo {
  background-color: @color;
  color: @color;
}

and the same thing in Sass

$color: red;
.demo {
  background-color: $color;
  color: $color;
}

But you can also achieve the power you want. Here's one way you could do it in LESS:

.properties(@properties, @value, @i: 0) when (@i < length(@properties)) {
  @property: extract(@properties, @i + 1);   // get the property
  @{property}: @value;                       // write the style
  .properties(@properties, @value, (@i + 1)) // loop
}

.demo {
  @props: background-color, color;
  .properties(@props, red)
}

will compile to your desired

.demo {
  background-color: red;
  color: red;
}

How's it work?

  • .demo calls the .properties parametric LESS mixin, passing a list (sometimes called an array in other SO questions about CSS/etc) of properties (.properties's @properties parameter; in this example, @props) and the value to assign to all of them (.properties's @value parameter; in this example, red).
  • note that .properties has a counter parameter @i with a default value of 0.
  • .properties has a LESS CSS guard that checks to see if @i is less than the number of properties it was passed (held in @properties). It is! (@i is 0, and the properties' list is certain to be at least 1) Okay, so we're allowed past the guard.
  • Get the name of the property: use LESS's extract() on the first item in the list (we need to say @i + 1 because we started the @i counter at 0. we could have also started @i at 1, and guarded with when (@i < (length(@properties) + 1)) but that's harder to read)
  • At last: write the style. interpolate the variable holding the property name (@property) as a string (@{property}), and give it the value we originally passed to .properties in .demo (@value)
  • LESS loop! Run .properties again, but advance the counter @i one: .properties(staysTheSame, staysTheSame, (@i + 1))
  • .properties will run until it's looped through all the items in its @properties list. After that, @i will equal length(@properties), so we won't pass the when (@i < length(@properties)) guard.

Note that @props could be defined within .test, as above, or anywhere where .test will have access to it, and same for the value. You might end up with

@props: background-color, color;
@val: red;
@val2: green;
.properties {...}
.demo {
  border-color: @val2;
  .properties(@props, @val)
}
.demo2 {
  .properties(@props, @val2)
}
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