MOHAMED MOHAMED - 10 days ago 5
Bash Question

how to extract a substring in bash

I have the following string in bash with length > 4

str = "abcdefghijklmno"


and I want to extract into
str2
the 5 first charachter of
str
. So

str2="abcde"


How to do it with bash?

Answer

Do use the expression

{string:position:length}

So in this case:

$ str="abcdefghijklm"
$ echo "${str:0:5}"
abcde

See other usages:

$ echo "${str:0}"      # default: start from the 0th position
abcdefghijklm
$ echo "${str:1:5}"    # start from the 1th and get 5 characters
bcdef
$ echo "${str:10:1}"   # start from 10th just one character
k
$ echo "${str:5}"      # start from 5th until the end
fghijklm

Taken from:
- wooledge.org - How can I use parameter expansion? How can I get substrings? How can I get a file without its extension, or get just a file's extension?
- Shell Command Language - 2.6.2 Parameter Expansion