J Benjamin J Benjamin - 3 months ago 34
JSON Question

deserializing JSON to .net object using NewtonSoft (or linq to json maybe?)

I know there a few posts about Newtonsoft so hopefully this isn't exactly a repeat...I'm trying to convert JSON data returned by Kazaa's API into a nice object of some kind

WebClient client = new WebClient();
Stream stream = client.OpenRead("http://api.kazaa.com/api/v1/search.json?q=muse&type=Album");
StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(stream);

List<string> list = Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<List<string>>(reader.Read().ToString());

foreach (string item in list)
{
Console.WriteLine(item);
}

//Console.WriteLine(reader.ReadLine());
stream.Close();


that JsonConvert line is just the most recent one I was trying...I'm not quite getting it and was hoping to eliminate some footwork by asking you guys. I was originally trying to convert it into a Dictionary or something...and actually, I just need to snag a couple values in there so judging by the documentation, maybe Newtonsoft's Linq to JSON might be a better choice? Thoughts/Links?

Here is an example of the JSON return data:

{
"page": 1,
"total_pages": 8,
"total_entries": 74,
"q": "muse",
"albums": [
{
"name": "Muse",
"permalink": "Muse",
"cover_image_url": "http://image.kazaa.com/images/69/01672812 1569/Yaron_Herman_Trio/Muse/Yaron_Herman_Trio-Muse_1.jpg",
"id": 93098,
"artist_nam e": "Yaron Herman Trio"
},
{
"name": "Muse",
"permalink": "Muse",
"cover_image_url": "htt p://image.kazaa.com/images/54/888880301154/Candy_Lo/Muse/Candy_Lo-Muse_1.jpg",
"i d": 102702,
"artist_name": "\u76e7\u5de7\u97f3"
},
{
"name": "Absolution",
"permalink": " Absolution",
"cover_image_url": "http://image.kazaa.com/images/65/093624873365/Mus e/Absolution/Muse-Absolution_1.jpg",
"id": 48896,
"artist_name": "Muse"
},
{
"name": "Ab solution",
"permalink": "Absolution-2",
"cover_image_url": "http://image.kazaa.com/i mages/20/825646911820/Muse/Absolution/Muse-Absolution_1.jpg",
"id": 118573,
"artist _name": "Muse"
},
{
"name": "Black Holes And Revelations",
"permalink": "Black-Holes-An d-Revelations",
"cover_image_url": "http://image.kazaa.com/images/66/093624428466/ Muse/Black_Holes_And_Revelations/Muse-Black_Holes_And_Revelations_1.jpg",
"id": 48813,
"artist_name": "Muse"
},
{
"name": "Black Holes And Revelations",
"permalink": "Bla ck-Holes-And-Revelations-2",
"cover_image_url": "http://image.kazaa.com/images/86/ 825646911486/Muse/Black_Holes_And_Revelations/Muse-Black_Holes_And_Revelations_1 .jpg",
"id": 118543,
"artist_name": "Muse"
},
{
"name": "Origin Of Symmetry",
"permalink": "Origin-Of-Symmetry",
"cover_image_url": "http://image.kazaa.com/images/29/825646 912629/Muse/Origin_Of_Symmetry/Muse-Origin_Of_Symmetry_1.jpg",
"id": 120491,
"artis t_name": "Muse"
},
{
"name": "Showbiz",
"permalink": "Showbiz",
"cover_image_url": "http: //image.kazaa.com/images/68/825646182268/Muse/Showbiz/Muse-Showbiz_1.jpg",
"id": 60444,
"artist_name": "Muse"
},
{
"name": "Showbiz",
"permalink": "Showbiz-2",
"cover_imag e_url": "http://image.kazaa.com/images/50/825646912650/Muse/Showbiz/Muse-Showbiz_ 1.jpg",
"id": 118545,
"artist_name": "Muse"
},
{
"name": "The Resistance",
"permalink": "T he-Resistance",
"cover_image_url": "http://image.kazaa.com/images/36/825646864836/ Muse/The_Resistance/Muse-The_Resistance_1.jpg",
"id": 121171,
"artist_name": "Muse"
}
],
"per_page": 10
}





Did some more reading and found Newtonsoft's Linq to JSON is exactly what I wanted...using WebClient, Stream, StreamReader, and Newtonsoft..I can hit Kazaa for JSON data, extract a URL, download the file, and do it all in like 7 lines of code! Love it

WebClient client = new WebClient();
Stream stream = client.OpenRead("http://api.kazaa.com/api/v1/search.json?q=muse&type=Album");
StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(stream);

Newtonsoft.Json.Linq.JObject jObject = Newtonsoft.Json.Linq.JObject.Parse(reader.ReadLine());

// instead of WriteLine, 2 or 3 lines of code here using WebClient to download the file
Console.WriteLine((string)jObject["albums"][0]["cover_image_url"]);
stream.Close();

Answer

If you just need to get a few items from the JSON object, I would use JSON.NET's Linq to JSON JObject class. For example:

JToken token = JObject.Parse(stringFullOfJson);

int page = (int)token.SelectToken("page");
int totalPages = (int)token.SelectToken("total_pages");

I like this approach because you don't need to fully deserialize the JSON object. This comes in handy with APIs that can sometimes surprise you with missing object properties, like Twitter.

Documentation: Serializing and Deserializing JSON with Json.NET and LINQ to JSON with Json.NET

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