AndyM3 AndyM3 - 1 month ago 30
Python Question

Capitalization of each sentence in a string in Python 3

This should be easy but somehow I'm not quite getting it.

My assignment is:


Write a function sentenceCapitalizer that has one parameter of type string. The function returns a
copy of the string with the first character of each sentence capitalized. The function should return
“Hello. My name is Joe. What is your name?” if the argument to the function is “hello. my name is
Joe. what is your name?” Assume a sentence is separated by a period followed by a space."


What I have so far is:

def sentenceCapitalizer (string1: str):
words = string1.split(". ")
words2=words.capitalize()
string2=words2.join()
return (string2)

print (sentenceCapitalizer("hello. my name is Joe. what is your name?"))


Upon execution I get the error:

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "C:\Users\Andrew\Desktop\lab3.py", line 83, in <module>
print (sentenceCapitalizer("hello. my name is Joe. what is your name?"))
File "C:\Users\Andrew\Desktop\lab3.py", line 79, in sentenceCapitalizer
words2=words.capitalize()
AttributeError: 'list' object has no attribute 'capitalize'"


What is that telling me and how do I fix this? I tried following instructions found on a page listed as the python software foundation so I thought I'd have this.

Answer

You are trying to use a string method on the wrong object; words is list object containing strings. Use the method on each individual element instead:

words2 = [word.capitalize() for word in words]

But this would be applying the wrong transformation; you don't want to capitalise the whole sentence, but just the first letter. str.capitalize() would lowercase everything else, including the J in Joe:

>>> 'my name is Joe'.capitalize()
'My name is joe'    

Limit yourself to the first letter only, and then add back the rest of the string unchanged:

words2 = [word[0].capitalize() + word[1:] for word in words]

Next, a list object has no .join() method either; that too is a string method:

string2 = '. '.join(words2)

This'll join the strings in words2 with the '. ' (full stop and space) joiner.

You'll probably want to use better variable names here; your strings are sentences, not words, so your code could do better reflecting that.

Together that makes your function:

def sentenceCapitalizer (string1: str):
    sentences = string1.split(". ")
    sentences2 = [sentence[0].capitalize() + sentence[1:] for sentence in sentences]
    string2 = '. '.join(sentences2)
    return string2

Demo:

>>> def sentenceCapitalizer (string1: str):
...     sentences = string1.split(". ")
...     sentences2 = [sentence[0].capitalize() + sentence[1:] for sentence in sentences]
...     string2 = '. '.join(sentences2)
...     return string2
... 
>>> print (sentenceCapitalizer("hello. my name is Joe. what is your name?"))
Hello. My name is Joe. What is your name?