hb. - 10 months ago 109

C# Question

I've been profiling an application all day long and, having optimized a couple bits of code, I'm left with this on my todo list. It's the activation function for a neural network, which gets called over a 100 million times. According to dotTrace, it amounts to about 60% of the overall function time.

How would you optimize this?

`public static float Sigmoid(double value) {`

return (float) (1.0 / (1.0 + Math.Pow(Math.E, -value)));

}

Answer Source

Try:

```
public static float Sigmoid(double value) {
return 1.0f / (1.0f + (float) Math.Exp(-value));
}
```

**EDIT:** I did a quick benchmark. On my machine, the above code is about 43% faster than your method, and this mathematically-equivalent code is the teeniest bit faster (46% faster than the original):

```
public static float Sigmoid(double value) {
float k = Math.Exp(value);
return k / (1.0f + k);
}
```

**EDIT 2:** I'm not sure how much overhead C# functions have, but if you `#include <math.h>`

in your source code, you should be able to use this, which uses a float-exp function. It might be a little faster.

```
public static float Sigmoid(double value) {
float k = expf((float) value);
return k / (1.0f + k);
}
```

Also if you're doing millions of calls, the function-calling overhead might be a problem. Try making an inline function and see if that's any help.